The Natural Park of Mondragó in Majorca
|The Natural Park Mondragó (Parc Natural de Mondragó / Parque Natural de Mondragó) is a protected area on the southeastern coast of the island of Majorca, protect the flora and fauna remarkable it aims - including the birds - an area of creeks and its hinterland.|
The territory of the Nature Park is located on the town of Santanyí in the county of Migjorn.
|The edge of the Natural Park Mondragó is 2.5 km east of the town of Santanyí, the heart of the Park, Cala Mondragó is 6 km from the city, and 5.6 kilometers from S’Alqueria Blanca. The nearest coastal villages: Porto Petro, 2 km north-east, and Cala Figuera adjacent to the park in the southwest.|
There are three access roads to the park on the north since S’Alqueria Blanca, west from Santanyí, southwest from the road from Santanyí to Cala Figuera. There has free parking lots to the north and southwest entries and information center at the north entrance. The easiest access to the beach of Cala Mondragó is via the north entrance (S’Alqueria Blanca), 700 m from the beach, access to the beach S’Amarador is the southern entrance West (Cala Figuera), with parking located on the promontory of lowland west of the creek.
Geographical coordinates of the park to the north entrance: 39° 21’ 25” N, 3° 11’ 28” E
|The Natural Park of Mondragó|
|In 1989 a comprehensive coastal development project Cala Mondragó - with a residential complex - could be avoided by the classification of the area as a nature reserve. In 1992, the Natural Park Mondragó was created by the Government of the Balearic Islands, at the initiative of an environmental protection organization of birds, of Grup d’Ornitologia Balear (GOB). The Park was also classified as a natural area of special interest (Àrea Natural d’Especial Interès (ANEI)) and as a special protection area for birds (Zona d’Especial Protecció per a les Aus (SPAB)).|
The protected area covers an area of 785 hectares, including 95 hectares in the public domain, and the remaining 690 hectares are privately owned, including farmland very fragmented. However, inside the park there are several hotels, inns, restaurant and cafes, and a few scattered along the road leading to the creeks private houses, these buildings were built before the creation of the Park and enjoy an acquired right.
The Natural Park of Mondragó this extraordinary ecological value with many diverse backgrounds such as natural vegetation like pine forests and scrub, and areas of traditional dry farming, but also dunes, rocky or sandy beaches, cliffs and wetlands. The reserve is home to rare orchids, these wetlands - located in the extreme southeastern tip of the island of Mallorca - provide a suitable stop on the road of migration, more than 70 species of birds, dunes and scrublands support populations of native endangered turtles.
The park also has an ethnographic interest: centuries of agriculture and livestock have shaped the landscape, with a large amount of dry stone walls and barraques de roter, which were stone huts used as housing for persons or as shelter for farm equipment; curucull huts with conical cover, used to house livestock. Rarer are the terraces, which are located in the ravines there are also constructions related to the use of water: water wheels asinine to extract groundwater for irrigation, wells, ditches, ponds and tanks. Other testimonies are related to logging: coal (sitges), huts coal and lime kilns.
|The Park visit|
|The Park of Mondragó consists of low hills culminating does not exceed 57 meters, these hills are separated by ravines where - during heavy rains - flowing streams or torrents, the main ones are: in the west, Torrent S’Amarador with its tributary the Torrent d’en Roig, and to the east, the Torrent de Ses Coves del Rei, also known Torrent d’en Tomas or Torrent d’en Colovet, with its tributary Torrent d’en Carraixet.|
These streams flow into the two main creeks where, respectively S’Amarador beach and the beach of Ses Fonts de n’Alis. To the east of the promontory of Sa Guardia d’en Garrot, is a third beach, beach Caló des Borgit. The three beaches are connected by rocky trails. There is a fourth beach - tiny - southwest S’Amarador the Caló d’en Perdiu.
|Mondragó Park is one of the most visited of the parks in Majorca and is criss-crossed by paths and small roads, these trails allow you to discover the flora and fauna of the Park. Four hiking trails, easy and short, are marked:|
|Beach of S’Amarador|
|The beach S’Amarador is accessible from the road to Santanyí Cala Figuera. Nearby is a Wetland Park, the Estany S’Amarador.|
The name S’Amarador refers to an old use of the pond S’Amarador for immersion, for a while, boots flax or hemp to be used in a production of fibers, there also immersed trunks of trees to give them strength and can use them to build boats or as beams of houses.
|The Belvedere Ses Fonts de n’Alis|
|From the Mirador de Ses Fonts de n’Alis, or Sa Font de n’Alis, one can see the confluence of the rivers of En Carraixet and S’hort d’En Colovet. The edges of the streams were the only areas where Mondragó soil and water availability, combined with irrigation, allowed market gardening. In the vicinity of these streams and the ponds are constructions of Arab origin, for the extraction, storage and transportation of water: water wheels, tanks and ditches. The name of the source of Alis is also of Arabic origin.|
|The Pond Ses Fonts de n’Alis|
|The Estany de Ses Fonts de n’Alis is another wetland park. The highly seasonal rainfall, characteristic of the Mediterranean, and the conditions of high salinity determine the flora of the lake. The flora includes limoniums (Limonium spp) (saladina) very rower Salicornia Salicornia or grass purple crystal (Salicornia ramosissima) (salicornia), spicy rush (Juncus acutus) (rush), and tamarind, or tamarisk, Africa (Tamarix africana) (tamarell), all plants well adapted to life in salt works environments.|
|The Beach of Cala Mondragó|
|The beach of Cala Mondragó is also known beach of Cala de Sa Font de n’Alís, it is a beautiful sandy beach that slopes gently toward the turquoise shallow waters suitable for bathing children. The beach of Cala Mondragó is one of the most beautiful beaches on the east coast of Majorca popular with bathers, it can be crowded at the height of summer.|
It is easily accessible from the north of the Park entrance. Since Cala Mondragó, you can go to the beach S’Amarador along a path towards the west, taking a path to the east, we are heading towards the beach of Caló des Burgit.
|The Promontory the Guàrdia d’En Garrot|
|The coves of Cala Mondragó and Caló des Burgit are separated by a rocky headland Sa Guàrdia d’En Garrot, the promontory consists of a stack of limestone slabs that formed beneath the surface of the sea during the Tertiary era, there are about 10 billion years. On the cliffs of low-rise, coastal erosion has trained regularly covered by seawater plates, which are called locally "tenasses". The dissolution of limestone, exposed to the action of sea water and rain, gradually led to the formation of different cavities, the relief that results is called karst topography.|
|The cove of Caló des Burgit|
|The cove of Caló des Burgit has, too, a small beach.|
|Flora of the Natural Park of Mondragó|
|The Natural Park of Mondragó includes a wide variety of environments, such as farmland, scrubland, forests, ravines, cliffs, dunes and beaches.|
The largest part of the Natural Park Mondragó consists of a multitude of roters, small plots of land rather poor, usually closed in dry stone walls, which are practiced mixed dry tree crops and cereals, among these crops dominate those of the almond (Prunus dulcis), the carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua) and fig (Ficus carica) cultivated cereals are barley, oats and wheat.
On soils too poor to be grown dominates the Mediterranean maquis, mainly comprising species such as the wild, wild olive or olive (Olea europaea var. sylvestris), the mastic or mastic tree (Pistacia lentiscus), the oleander (Nerium oleander), the wired narrow sheet (Phillyrea angustifolia), intermediate Phillyrea (Phillyrea media), the buckthorn buckthorn (Rhamnus alaternus), the cottony cistus (Cistus albidus), cistus leaf sage (Cistus salviifolius), the Montpellier cistus (Cistus monspeliensis), the Ampelodesmos Mauritania (Ampelodesmos mauritanica), the officinal rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), the many-flowered heather (Erica multiflora) and toothed lavender (Lavandula dentata). In some places there are some wooden boxwood of the Balearic Islands (Buxus Balearica).
The forests of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) and holm oak (Quercus ilex), occupy the ravines of the streams. In these forests grow the fake butcher holly, or small-holly (Ruscus aculeatus), interlaced honeysuckle, honeysuckle or the Balearic Islands (Lonicera implexa), the Balearic cyclamen (Cyclamen balearicum)
Under shrubs of scrub and pine forests are found orchids: the giant orchid (Barlia robertiana), the pyramidal orchid (Anacamptis pyramidalis), the tongue orchid (Serapias lingua), locally called "gallet" (cock) and serapias with small flowers (Serapias parviflora), and various species of the genera Orchis and Ophrys, as the varnish Ophrys or mirror Ophrys (Ophrys vernixia).
In areas, coastal windswept, there are the Sabine (Juniperus sabina) and the Phoenician juniper (Juniperus phoenicea), prickly lettuce (Launaea cervicornis), named "socarrell" in Catalan. On the rocks grow samphire or snowdrops stone (Crithmum maritimum) and immortal Mediterranean (Helichrysum angustifolium).
In the dune system, poor in nutrients - especially in this S’Amarador - pushes the sea-holly (Eryngium maritimum) and marram grass (Ammophila arenaria) on beaches, sea spurge (Euphorbia paralias) and read Shipping (Pancratium maritimum).
In both ponds, brackish water, located behind the beaches S’Amarador and Ses Fonts de n’Alis, there are rushes quills rush (Juncus acutus) and common reed reed (Phragmites australis) and bamboo (Bambuseae), cattails (Typha sp.), tamarisk (Tamarix sp.), purple samphire or grass crystal (Salicornia ramosissima), shrub samphire (Salicornia fruticosa), yellow samphire (Arthrocnemum macrostachyum) Limonium Mallorca (Limonium majoricum), named "saladina" in Catalan, sea lavender (Limonium companyonis) Limonium in wand, or stiff Limonium (Limonium virgatum). Underwater develops seagrass (Ruppia maritima).
|Wildlife of the Nature Park of Mondragó|
|Wildlife of the Natural Park Mondragó is very diverse, the most important group of wildlife are birds were recorded over seventy species, most of which are migratory species. Since 1995, the Park is a Special Protection Area for birds (Zona d’Especial Protecció per a les Aus (SPAB)).|
In the woods and scrubland meet the stone curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus), the wood pigeon (Columba palumbus), the turtle dove (Streptopelia turtur), the hoopoe (Upupa epops), the red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa) and the scops owl (Otus scops). As birds of prey found the kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) and the booted eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus). There are also many small birds, including songbirds, such as the great tit (Parus major), warblers (Sylvia sp.), the Sardinian Warbler (Sylvia sarda), locally called "tallareta" the African Stonechat (Saxicola torquata), the shrike-headed (Lanius senator), the corn bunting (Miliaria calandra), the Cirl Bunting (Emberiza cirlus) and Swallow (Riparia riparia).
The rocky coast, with many cliffs, is conducive to nesting peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), the shag (Phalacrocorax Aristotelis) Audouin’s Gull (Larus audouinii), the yellow-legged gull (Larus ridibundus). We sometimes see a few ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) in migration.
The wetlands waterfowl. Wetland west, the Estany de S’Amador is deep, soft and surrounded by reeds, some couples live coots (Fulica atra), the moorhens moorhens (Gallinula chloropus), grebes in Black-necked (Podiceps nigricollis), the water rails (Rallus aquaticus) and sometimes mallards (Anas platyrhynchos). The wetland is, the Estany de Ses Fonts de n’Alis is shallow, a little salty and visited by waders, the gray heron (Ardea cinerea), the little egret (Egretta garzetta), the Little Ringed Plover (Charadrius dubius), the stint (Calidris minuta), the common sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) and snipe (Gallinago Gallinago).
Among the mammals found the hedgehog Algeria (Atelerix algirus vagans), the European weasel (Mustela nivalis), the common genet (Genetta genetta), the pine marten (Martes martes), some rodents such as rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), the Iberian hare (Lepus granatensis), the Cape hare (Lepus capensis), the wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) and common dormouse (Eliomys quercinus). A bat, the mastiff of Cestoni (Tadarida teniotis), is also present.
On dry stone walls and the rocks of the south pole of Taranto (Tarentola mauritanica) and nocturnal gecko, or warty mémidactyle (Hemidactylus turcicus) lies in the scrubland Hermann’s tortoise (Testudo hermanni), which was reintroduced. In ponds meet the hooded snake (Macroprotodon mauritanicus), the viper snake (Natrix maura), the European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis), Pérez frog (Rana perezi) and the Balearic green toad (Bufotes balearicus). Regarding the fauna are present gray mullet (Mugil cephalus), the mosquitofish, or mosquito fish (Gambusia affinis) and the common eel (Anguilla anguilla).
|Information Centre of the Natural Park of Mondragó|
|The Information Center Ses Fonts de n’Alis is the northern entrance, coming from S’Alqueria Blanca :|
Address: Carretera Cala Mondragó s / n - 07691 Santanyi
Hours: 9:00 to 16:00, closed on 25 and 31 December (Christmas Eve and New Year’s Day).
Phone: 00 34 971 181 022
One can get maps of the park.
There is also a Visitor Center of the Park of Mondragó in Santanyí :
Address: Can Crestall Carrer Can Llaneres, 8-07650 Santanyí
Hours: Monday to Friday, from 8:00 to 15:00.
Phone: 00 34 971 642 067
|Bus Lines Serving Cala Mondragó|
|Line L507: Cala d’Or Cala Mondragó|
The line stopped at many places in Greater Cala d’Or, Cala Ferrera up from Portopetro before reaching Cala Mondragó. The bus runs seven times a day and the journey takes 30 minutes and costs € 1.40.
Information on line 507: www.tib.org
Cala Mondragó is also the terminus of a tourist mini-train that runs along the coast from Cala d’Or through Portopetro, only during the summer season, from May to September, fee about 3 €.
|Hostal Playa Mondragó|
|The hostel is a family Mondragó Playa 2 star hotel opened in 1964 and is located close to the beach. It is a fairly simple hotel with forty rooms with or without balcony, studios and apartments.|
Approximately 110 € for a room in high season. Closed from November to March.
Address: Cala Mondragó s / n - 07691 Santanyi
Phone: 00 34 971 643 566 (in summer) 00 34 971 657 402 (in winter).
Site on the Web: www.playamondrago.com
|The hostel Condemar is a 2 star hotel built in 1972 and is located 100 meters from the beach of Cala Mondragó. It has 45 rooms, most with balconies.|
Approximately 40 € per person in high season. Closed from November to April.
Address: Cala Mondragó s / n - 07691 Santanyi
Phone: 00 34 971 657 756
Site on the Web: www.hostalcondemar.com