The flora of the Balearic Islands consists of about 1500 species, of which about 150 are endemic (the subspecific level). Their habitats are concentrated in the coastal rocks and cliffs, in the scrub and woodland, endemic species are rare.
Among the endemic plants are: the sabline with large flowers (Arenaria grandiflora ssp. glabrescens), the globular of Cambessedes (Globularia cambessedesii Willk.), St. John’s wort Islands (Hypericum balearicum), foxglove (Digitalis minor), the eyelet cliffs (Dianthus rupicola subsp. bocchoriana), a broom (Genista dorycnifolia), a crocus (Crocus cambessedesii), a trefoil (Lotus tetraphyllus), the cleft crane Corsica (Erodium reichardii) peony Mallorca (Paeonia cambessedesii Willk.).
From March to June 1825, the French botanist Jacques Cambessedes (1799-1863) explored the Balearic Islands and drew up the first floristic inventory. Several plant species bear his name.
In the scrub, tall heather and a wealth of wild flowers (hyacinths, violets, gladioli, et cetera) dot the landscape of Mallorca.
Among the most common trees in Mallorca, we find the Aleppo pine, holm oak and evergreen carob. Saw palmetto is found only in the regions of Pollença, of Alcùdia and Andratx. The citrus groves and orange concentrate around Sóller.
Elegant bird with long legs, a long neck and a long beak, which are used to hunt and pursue prey. It is always seen in wetlands and stretches of coastline that contain a lot of small fish and aquatic invertebrates.
This is one of the most common species that can be seen in the scrubland and pine forests, where you can hear the distinctive cry throughout the year. It may have two broods each year, usually formed by three or four young.