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The town of Garachico in Tenerife

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General presentationGeneral presentation
The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Arms of the town of Garachico (author Jerbez). Click to enlarge the image.The historic town of Garachico was once the main port of Tenerife. By embarking sugar and wine production of the island to the main ports of Europe and America.

The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Seen from the mountain. Click to enlarge the image.The town was completely destroyed in 1706 during the eruption of the volcano Trevejo. After that fateful day, she reappears from its ashes and we present today its charm through an extraordinary architecture. The city and port of Garachico jealously guard the footsteps of their glorious past rich in large houses, convents and churches. Not only can contemplate churches and monasteries, but also a series of very elegant original houses with spacious interior patios, extraordinary facades and dark entrances that make them absolutely remarkable.

The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Une ruelle. Click to enlarge the image.Garachico has always taken care of its environment and at any time, protected its cultural aspects. In 1980 the city received from King of Spain Juan Carlos I, the Gold Medal of Fine Arts for the care given to its artistic and historical heritage, and its streets, squares and gardens. Garachico has received other awards and other national awards.

The city was also ranked “of cultural interest” in the “historical complex” by the Canaries Government in March 1994. Unesco is currently considering his candidacy as Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Celebrations of San Roque are a good excuse to visit and know the city. These festivals, declared of national tourist interest, give rise to a popular pilgrimage in August.

SituationSituation

The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Location of Garachico in Tenerife (author Jerbez). Click to enlarge the image.Garachico is located north of the island of Tenerife, 66 km by road from Santa Cruz de Tenerife and 34 west of Puerto de la Cruz. With an area of ​​29, 28 km², at an altitude of 10 m and with a population of 5756 inhabitants.

Coordinates: Latitude 28.372069 N; longitude 16.76518 O

VisitsVisits

MonasterySt. Francis of Assisi Monastery (Convento de San Francisco de Asis)
St. Francis Monastery of Assisi and the Franciscan church of Nuestra Señora de Los Ángeles was founded by the Genoese Cristóbal de Ponte and Ana de Vergara in 1524. It is the oldest of five monasteries built in the city.

The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Former convent San Francisco. Click to enlarge the image.One can see on its front two portals in stone.

The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Former San Francisco convent staircase. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).The monastery has a floor which is accessed by a wide monumental stone staircase with Mudejar coffered ceiling. The pillars of wood balconies are remarkable.

The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Former San Francisco convent staircase. Click to enlarge the image.The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Former San Francisco convent staircase. Click to enlarge the image.The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Former San Francisco convent staircase. Click to enlarge the image.
The monastery has a patio and a wooden cloister of Canarian pine which are distinguished by their balconies and uncluttered working gargoyles and columns. At the center of the cloister a filter jug ​​water.
The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Former San Francisco convent cloisters. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Former San Francisco convent cloisters. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Former San Francisco convent cloisters. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).
The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Former San Francisco convent cloisters. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Former San Francisco convent cloisters. Click to enlarge the image.The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Former San Francisco convent cloisters. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).
The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Former San Francisco convent cloisters. Click to enlarge the image.The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Former San Francisco convent cloisters. Click to enlarge the image.The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Former San Francisco convent cloisters. Click to enlarge the image.
The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Former San Francisco convent cloisters. Click to enlarge the image.The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Former San Francisco convent cloisters. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).
The former monastery of Saint Francis of Assisi was recently restored by the General Directorate of Fine Arts and a museum.

This is where is now the House of Culture, which houses the municipal library, the municipal archives, the Museum of Natural Science, the Local History Museum and an exhibition hall.

Visiting hours: Monday to Friday from 10 am to 19 pm - Saturday from 10 am to 15 pm.

Entry fee: € 1.

Church Church of Our Lady of the Angels (Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de Los Ángeles)
The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Church. Click to enlarge the image.The Franciscan church of Our Lady of the Angels has an elegant and austere façade and is a Latin cross. It has a single nave, although there is a chapel on the side - la Capilla de la Vera Cruz - the same size. She has a rich traditional decoration of Mudejar (Moorish influence), a Mudejar octagonal coffered ceiling in the main chapel. In it are images of Christ of the Salud (Health). The main altarpiece stands out for the statue of Nuestra Señora de la Luz, one of the oldest statues of Garachico, found by a boatman in 1525 on the south coast of the island.

The church is built against the former monastery which she was the chapel.

Inside was built a museum on the turbulent history of the city, natural disasters and conflicts between peoples.

Visits: Monday to Friday, from 10 am to 10 pm; Saturday and Sunday from 10 am to 15 pm.

The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Church of Our Lady of the Angels. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Church of Our Lady of the Angels. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).
City Hall The Town Hall (Ayuntamiento)
The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Town Hall. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).The town hall is right next to the old convent of San Francisco (Cultural House) with its neoclassical facades. One can admire the decor inside the plenary hall.
Monastery The St. Dominic monastery (Convento de Santo Domingo)
The monastery Saint Dominic de Guzman, or monastery of the seven balconies, was founded by Nicolás Esteban de Ponte y Cuevas in 1601.

The monastery is distinguished by its seven balconies resting on bulbous consoles.

The monastery church was built in place of the old hermitage of San Sebastián and was spared by the volcanic eruption of 1706 due to its prime location.

The episode of “desamortización de Mendizábal” in the nineteenth century convent dispossessed of much of its heritage.

The monastery entrance leads today to the hospital - "Hospice Hospital residencia de Ancianos”.

The chapel was rebuilt in order to accommodate the Auditorium and the Contemporary Art Museum.

The St. Dominic monastery is located on a height that you can see when you come to Icod de los Vinos.

Visiting hours: Monday to Friday 10 am to 13 pm and from 16 am to 18 pm.

ManorThe remains of the Marquis de la Quinta Roja (Casa de los Marqueses de la Quinta Roja)
The town of Garachico in Tenerife. House of the Marquis de la Quinta Roja. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).The remains of the Marquis of Quinta Roja dates from the sixteenth century, although we do not know precisely the date of construction, regimented in the seventeenth century by the first Marquis Cristóbal de Ponte y Llarena.

The current building dates from the eighteenth century as the previous residence was almost completely destroyed by the eruption of 1706. It was rebuilt on the same planes as the first.

The building is distinguished by its doorways Canarian pine and its Mirador with its mullioned windows Mudejar.

Currently it is a rural hotel which is a good example of traditional domestic architecture of the island baroque.

Address: Roundabout San Francisco.

Manor The remains of the Marquis of Villafuerte (Casa de los Marqueses de Villafuerte)
The remains of the Marquis of Villafuerte is a building dating from the seventeenth century in pure Canarian style that stands out for its balconies with shutters and barred windows. there are preserved interesting historical archives.

Address: Street Santo Domingo (near the former convent of Santo Domingo)

Chapel The Saint-Roch chapel (Ermita de San Roque)
Lonely hermitage of the sixteenth century, but it is difficult to know exactly when was this church of great simplicity. Its facade has two bell tower and houses the statue of San Roque. The veneration of this saint is related to the joy of the population to have escaped an epidemic of bubonic plague that had raged in Garachico for five years and ended in 1606.

The hermitage of San Roque was rebuilt in 1736. It is the entrance to the town on the road that comes from Icod de los Vinos.

The Feast of San Roque, declared of tourist interest, is celebrated annually on 16 August. The festivities of San Roque are among the most popular of the island.

Church The Church of St. Anne (Iglesia de Santa Ana)
The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Place. Click to enlarge the image.The parish church of St. Anne (Iglesia Matriz de Santa Ana) is a beautiful XVI century church located near the Plaza de la Libertad.

This beautiful religious building was founded by Cristóbal de Ponte in 1520. The work in stone was completed in 1541. The tower and facade, very elegant mix of Plateresque elements with those of the Renaissance.

The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Porte, St. Anne's Church. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).Despite the small changes it has undergone over the years we can admire its beautiful doors and very white tower.

The interior, divided into three naves, is distinguished by the harmonious distribution of arches and columns and the many side chapels with altars, but also by the Mudejar coffered ceiling. In the sanctuary, a classical tabernacle houses the statue of the sculptor from Seville, Martín de Andújar (first half of the eighteenth century), El Crucificado. On each side of the tabernacle, there are statues of Santa Ana, the patron saint of Garachico, and San Joaquín sculptor of Gran Canaria José Luján Pérez (1756-1815). It houses jewels such as the Cristo de la Misericordia, brought from Mexico in 1578, the baptismal font and the altar of the altarpiece.

Although it was severely damaged by the volcanic eruption of 1706 is reused cements its reconstruction between 1714 and 1721. The church was restored in the 1990s.

The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Santa Ana Church. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Santa Ana Church. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Porte, St. Anne's Church. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).
Fortress The St. Michael Castle (Castillo de San Miguel)
The Castillo de San Miguel is a fortress of the sixteenth century whose foundation dates back to 25 July 1575. It is indeed at this time that Philip II authorized by Royal Decree the then mayor of the town of Garachico, which was later “regidor” of Tenerife (sort of alderman), Fabian Viña Negrón, to commence the built to protect the city from invaders and pirates.

The building is spread over 2 years, and called on Francés de Álava (Ambassador of Spain) for plans. It is a building entirely of stone in the square base which occupies 6,000 m² 20,000 the land on which it was erected, with towers over 16 meters high.

The front door has several arms: in the middle is the main emblem and the most ornately carved, which appear heraldic arms of Emperor Charles I of Spain and V of Germany, who were also those of his son Philip II. It is surrounded by the Governor Álvarez de Fonseca and probably the one damaged by the time the family Viña Negrón right and that of Tenerife and family del Hoyo on the left.

In the park adjoining the two guns pointed proudly to the sea continue to show the past of the city prestige.

The eruption of volcano Garachico in 1706 destroyed much of Garachico but the castle San Miguel survived.

Today the building, very well preserved, belongs to the town of Garachico who installed an information center there on Heritage (open 10 to 18 pm); we find the history of places and a more interactive section on festivals and local events. The building regularly hosts very interesting exhibitions about the history of the city but also the flora and fauna of the region. The public can also discover temporary exhibitions of contemporary and classical art in both vaulted rooms of the building.

The castillo de San Miguel overlooks the sea.

Address: av. of Tomé Cano.

SquarePlaza Juan Gonzalez de La Torre
(Old Place “Puerta de Tierra”)

The park of the old Puerta de Tierra has anteroom instead of Juan González de la Torre. This square has retained its stone structure that allowed better control the comings and goings of passengers and cargo in the port. It dates back to the early days of the port of Garachico.

Found in an old press gardens that belonged to the hacienda of San Juan Degollado. With the bust of Rafael Alberti, was created in this square corner of poets (“Rincón de los Poetas”).

The Puerta de la Tierra, carved into the lava, formerly gave access to the port.

Address: next to the castle of San Miguel.

Square The Freedom Square (Plaza de La Libertad)
The Liberty Square is composed of gardens and a pavilion built in 1912 which houses a kiosk in its ground floor. There is also a monument to the Venezuelan Simon Bolivar, the first to be erected in Spain, which has the sculptor Juan Jaén Díaz and which was inaugurated in 1970.

Venezuela has indeed welcomed many migrants from Garachico and this city was born many of the ancestors of the inhabitants of this South American country.

Manor Casa de Piedra or Casa de los Condes de La Gomera
The Palace of the Counts of La Gomera, or Casa de Piedra (“Stone House" is located in front of the place of La Libertad, building this mansion by large Canarian stonemasons began at the end of the sixteenth century and ended in the second half of the seventeenth century (1666).

Its first owners belonged to the family Ponte, but it then became the property of the Counts of La Gomera with the marriage of members of these two families.

We owe this palace to stonecutters of the island of Gran Canaria, Luis and Diego Báez Marichal who were under the orders of master builder Antonio Pérez. She was devastated by the volcanic eruption of 1706 and it had to be rebuilt.

The first main building facade is still in the state with its central portal and its walls with Corinthian columns, crowned by capitals and friezes with neat symmetry. The second main building of the facade and interior of the palace were restored in recent years.

Manor The palace of the Marquis of Adeje
Canarian architecture building from the seventeenth century, with its hanging balconies and grills to windows.
ManorCasa de Ponte
The remains of the family Ponte was built by Cristóbal de Ponte and it was rebuilt in the eighteenth century.

Among the most significant elements of its architecture, we must mention its large tower which allowed to monitor the traffic of ships entering the port. This house is also distinguished for its pediment with six large windows and stone staircase. The house retains many valuable furniture and porcelain and paintings dating from the seventeenth and eighteenth century.

It is the present Hotel San Roque.

Address: Street Estebán de Ponte, 34.

Monastery The St. Julien monastery (Convento de San Julian)
The former Augustinian convent Saint-Julien dates from the seventeenth century and was repeatedly devastated by fire. It was also a Latin school from 1640 until its demise in the nineteenth century.

Visiting Times: house owned by an individual.

Address: Street Estebán de Ponte, 31

Chapel The chapel of Our Lady of the Kings (Ermita de Nuestra Señora de Los Reyes)
The chapel of Our Lady of the Kings is located on the heights of the city, close to the place of Juan Gónzalez de la Torre. The first written evidence of its existence date back to 1586, but it had to be rebuilt in the seventeenth century after the volcanic eruption of 1706.

We find in this simple hermitage anonymous seventeenth century statue of Nuestra Señora de los Reyes accompanied by the Magi and several oil paintings.

ManorHacienda El Lamero
The founders of this property belonged to the family Gallegos. Ownership then passed to the family of El Hoyo. Its construction dates back to the first half of the seventeenth century (1636) but was partially destroyed by the eruption of 1706.

It has a lovely stone staircase and balconies.

The hacienda has inside a chapel dedicated to San Antonio de Padua (St. Anthony of Padua), built in 1633 by Alonso de Ponte y Jiménez.

Address: near the street of Santo Domingo.

ManorHacienda de La Quinta Roja
By going towards Los Silos, once out of the city center, found in a banana a large area known as the house of the Quinta Roja, dating from the first half of the seventeenth century (1620) and has not affected by the volcanic eruption. It is distinguished by its Mudejar coffered ceiling and its small chapel dating from 1620, known as the Hermitage of San Cristóbal.
ChapelErmita de San Juan del Reparo
Hermitage of the seventeenth century.
MonasteryThe convent of the Sisters of the Immaculate Conception and the Franciscan
This cloistered convent is devoted to San Pedro Apóstol and San Cristóbal. The first building of the monastery, dating from 1643 was destroyed by the eruption of 1706 and what was left by a large fire three years later, in 1709.

It was rebuilt 40 years later, in 1749, thanks to Bishop Guillén and the new monastery was opened the same year. It is distinguished by its mullioned windows on one side, and through the window and the main altarpiece of the eighteenth century.

The chapel, with a single nave and Mudejar inspiration, is chaired by the statue of Nuestra Señora de la Concepción, a statue of the early nineteenth century came from Seville, located in the central niche of the altarpiece dating him from the first half of the eighteenth century.

It is found in the choir statue of Nuestra Señora de La Luz, which, according to tradition, would have appeared in the fields of slag, the Malpaís de Isora (Guía de Isora) in 1570. This statue was venerated for a long time by both Garachico and Guía de Isora. To see the statue of San Diego del Alcalá (seventeenth century) the sculptor Matíanez Montañez.

Visiting hours: only the chapel can be visited.

Address: Street Estebán de Ponte.

StatueThe monument to the Canary Emigrant
This monument is located near the port in the area called Risco Partido and near the road to Los Silos.

It was erected in 1990 by the association Chicharros Mensajeros. We owe it to the sculptor Fernando Garcíarramos.

The place is also a magnificent panoramic site that offers a splendid view of the city and its port and the lava flow from the eruption of 1706.

Address: near the port.

Water millThe old water mills
The old water mills are known by this name because they marked the end point of a set of buildings connected by a channel of water and had to function to operate the machine parts.

Address: Avenida Marítima.

There is another mill close to the street of Santo Domingo.

Church The St. Peter Church of Daute (Iglesia de San Pedro de Daute)
The first church of Garachico was that of San Pedro (St. Peter), which probably existed before 1500; Bishop Arce was erected in parish church in 1514.

It contains a statue of San Pedro Apóstol of the Canary school and a nice silver lamp.

This hermitage is located outside the city, in the hamlet of San Pedro de Daute. To get there, you take the road that goes next to the port.

Address: hamlet of San Pedro de Daute.

ChapelThe chapels
The chapel of Nuestra Señora del Carmen has a beautiful baroque altar and a statue of the Virgin dating from the seventeenth century, revered by fishermen.

The chapel of Cristo de la Misericordia houses one of the most venerated statue of Garachico, a Christ who comes from Mexico and has been achieved with corn dough by the Indians of Michoacán. Since the mid-seventeenth century, the lustral festivals are held in his honor. One can admire the altar three paintings from the seventeenth century.

To also see the altarpiece of the Chapel of El Santísimo with the statue of San Francisco (early seventeenth) and a processional monstrance from the XVI century coming from the convent of Santa Clara, now disappeared.

CoastThe coast
Garachico also has a beautiful coast, six kilometers long where the volcanic sandy coves sheltered by charred lava make it a natural wonder. Garachico was the most active port of Tenerife before its partial destruction during the volcanic eruption of 1706.

Lava arm that reached the sea now make up El Caletón, an area of natural pools on the coast.

The old coastal cliffs, or “acantilado costero” which covers the neighboring municipalities, is a protected site because of its great natural value. Beside its dramatic appearance, it brings together many species of flora and fauna.

MountainThe mountain
The natural park of forest crown covers the hills above the town. It houses a vast pine forest and includes the area affected by the lava flows from the eruption of 1706.
The rock of Garachico (Rock Roque de Garachico)
The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Roque Garachico. Click to enlarge the image.The rock called Roque de Garachico, witness the decline of the coast, is noted for owning both a vegetative basal floor and provide refuge for many seabirds.

KnowledgeHistory, geography, arts, traditions, flora ...

HistoryHistory
The foundation of Garachico
The foundation of Garachico date of 1496, just after the conquest of Tenerife, when the Adelantado (political and military leader of the time) Fernández de Lugo gave ample areas of land in this place three bankers of Genoa Cristóbal de Ponte, Viña and Interina that can be considered the founders of the city today. They prospered quickly, especially through the cultivation of sugar cane and its export, as well as the production of wines Icod, and thanks to the excellent handle its port, for whose defense the castle of San Miguel was built.
During the sixteenth and seventeenth century Garachico became the most important port of the island. Prosperity was such that street paving was replaced with marble.

In the sixteenth century were founded convents of Franciscans, Dominicans and Augustinians, the latter with college.

In 1646 one hundred people were killed and forty boats were sunk during a landslide.

Destruction 1706
Garachico was the commercial capital of Tenerife, until in 1706 the eruption of a secondary crater of Teide, the volcano Las Arenas Negras or Garachico, the only one of six historic eruptions in the island, destroyed a much of the agricultural land and port.

There were no deaths but the city was covered largely from lava, the neighboring vineyard was destroyed and the port of great commercial importance, was filled by lava, determining the end of the prosperity of the city. After this episode the merchants moved to Puerto de la Cruz and La Laguna (Santa Cruz).

In 1773 it had its first mayor elected by the people.

Practical informationPractical information

Useful informationUseful information
Tourist Office: Calle Esteban de Ponte, 5
HotelHotels
La Quinta Roja
The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Hotel Quinta Roja. Click to enlarge the image.The town of Garachico in Tenerife. Hotel Quinta Roja. Click to enlarge the image.Boutique hotel, the Quinta Roja is an old listed building of the sixteenth century was the home of the Marquis of La Quinta Roja then a convent, located on the town square of Garachico.
San Roque
The old charm of this old building has been preserved, but the internal layout has been redesigned in a contemporary style which is reflected in alterations as in the choice of furniture. The rooms are elegant without falling into excess, comfortable and spacious. The hotel contains a large number of art works designed by contemporary Spanish artists. The design of most of the furniture is absolutely faultless.

Garachico home to the ancient port of Tenerife, and the San Roque is a few minutes walk from the old center. It offers views of the sea, the surrounding countryside and the snowy peak of Teide. You can play golf, go diving or deep sea fishing. However, you will have an equally enjoyable stay lazing about the pool.

Hotel San Roque

Calle Esteban de Ponte, 32

Garachico - Isla Baja, Tenerife, Spain

El Patio
The Rural Hotel El Patio is located at the ground floor of a house, residence of the family Ponte. It was built in 1565 in a banana plantation of 60 hectares and is washed by the sea and lava, in the northwest of Tenerife.

Its central courtyard with palm trees and ancient dragon trees, gardens and vegetable gardens make this a unique and special place. Guests can walk the many trails that line the property.

Some days it is possible to visit the private part and the chapel of the house. Because of its great historical, artistic and ecological, authorities have classified the building as protection.

The hotel has 26 rooms, rustic style, with a terrace, bathroom, safe and heating. Eight of them, called type B, are in a separate building, just 500 meters from the hotel reception.

The restaurant offers, in addition to a delicious breakfast, typical dishes of the region.

Other facilities: bar, Internet corner, game room, meeting room, sauna, jacuzzi, gym, heated pool, tennis court, croquet, mini golf and a small beach.

Finca Malpais El Guincho

38450 Tenerife - Garachico (Tenerife)

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