The village of Port de Sóller (Puerto de Sóller) in Majorca
|Port de Sóller (about 3000 inhabitants in 2007) was one of the first resorts on the island of Majorca. The rest of the buildings a little old and a very friendly atmosphere.|
|Down the valley from Sóller, after 3 km you reach Port de Sóller.|
You can also borrow a quaint little tram that connects Sóller to the port every half hour in summer, every hour in winter.
Sóller is located in the Tramuntana Mountains, northwest of Mallorca. The city is flanked by a large barrier of mountains that once made the communication with the rest of the island difficult. Until the early twentieth century, the natural outlet for people of Sóller was the sea
|Bay of Sóller|
|The Port de Sóller is a natural harbor of Serra de Tramuntana located along a large bay (La Badia de Sóller), shell-shaped, very protected from the Gros Cap and the small peninsula Racó de Santa Caterina overcome promontories of Punta de sa Creu and Es Bufador.|
|The harbor entrance is 450 m wide between the two caps, but once past the headlands, the bay reaches a width of 830 m.|
|Two headlights, located on the headlands on either side of the bay, mark the entrance of the port of Sóller.|
|The lighthouses Bufador and Cross|
|At the northern entrance of the harbor are the remains of the old lighthouse Bufador (Far de Bufador), built in the years 1862-1864, which is now out of service. Its function was taken over in 1930 by the flagship of the Cross (Far de sa Creu), built from 1928 to 1930.|
Both lighthouses are located in a military zone and therefore can not be approached, but the real estate development on the headland to the east has been hampered by its use as a training ground by the Spanish army.
|The Lighthouse of Cap Gros|
|The lighthouse of Cap Gros - the west side of the harbor entrance - is the flagship for the Cross. It is the oldest of the three lights: it was completed in 1859 and is still active.|
A tower and a small building was built on the Cap Gros by the municipal council of Sóller in 1842, but never entered service. The building was handed over to Public Works in 1852 and was commissioned February 20, 1859 as flagship of the fourth order.
The lighthouse was built without the intervention of engineers or architects and interior of the tower was a bit unusual for the time because of the fact that it was built without a service area for guards lighthouse, keepers should ensure their guards in the lantern, which raised more than a protest about working conditions that were much harder than those in other lights.
Originally, the lighthouse emitting a signal consisting of a fixed white light lamp fueled by olive oil which was later to be replaced by a double wick lamp Maris. The lighthouse was converted to electricity in 1944, but in April 1952, lightning destroyed the electric wiring lamp Aladin reserve should be used until August 1963, when the lighthouse began to function again to electricity. In the 1970s, an optical sealed beam was installed and it remained in service until November 2008. The lighthouse now uses an acrylic lens and discharge lamps of 400 watts.
Although today the lighthouse communicates easily with the Port de Sóller, in the nineteenth century, it was much more isolated and, in winter, with frequent rains and raging torrents, the lighthouse keepers often put more than two and a half hours to meet the then existing dwellings scattered in the harbor.
|Port de Sóller|
|Port de Sóller has two beaches:|
- the beach of Través (Platja des Través) is the northern beach of Port de Sóller, south of the port area. It is a beach about 610 meters long and 15 meters wide. It is made of coarse sand. The swimming area and boat traffic are separated from each other by red buoys. The Sóller tramway stations are located directly behind the beach. Behind the beach promenade, the Paseo de Platja are hotels and restaurants. The ride on the Passeig de Platja (Paseo de la Playa in Spanish) is more enjoyable.
- the beach of En Repic is located south-west of the bay and has about 300 meters long and 30 meters wide. It is separated from the beach of Través by the mouth of the Grand Torrent (Torrent Major) and the pier.
|Picada Tower (Torre Picada)|
|The Picada tower (Torre Picada) is a watchtower located at 120 above sea level on a hill to the right port, it was built in the seventeenth century, from 1614 to 1623 to defend the city against attacks by Barbary pirates who plundered coastal villages whose inhabitants were enslaved.|
The Picada tower was part of a defense system with 85 laps which was the defense of the coasts of the island of Majorca, the towers were in visual contact with each other.
It is awarded the half-hour climb a bit difficult with a magnificent view of the Port de Sóller.
|Chapel St. Catherine (Oratori de Santa Caterina d’Alexandrie)|
|The Oratory of St. Catherine was built around the year 1280 to commemorate the miraculous transfer of Saint Raymond of Penyatort from Sóller to Barcelona. The history of this building was marked by several episodes of destruction, reconstruction and epidemics.|
The first oratory was destroyed by a barbaric raid in 1542, a new chapel dedicated to St. Catherine of Alexandria (Oratori de Santa Caterina d’Alexandrie, or, in Spanish, Oratorio de Santa Catalina de Alejandría) was built gradually from 1550, with a great effort on the part of the city. The Plague of 1562 constituted a serious setback to the chapel over the next two centuries, the worship declined.
In the early twentieth century, the urbanization of the hill St. Catherine and the increase in population of the port of school age made it necessary to build a school in this area. At the time of the Civil War, the Navy Department moved into the dependencies of St. Catherine. In 1972, the School of Underwater Weapons was moved and the building was abandoned.
In 1996 a restoration project was launched. This project, completed in 2001, involved the complete restoration of the Chapel of St. Catherine, the tower and building viewpoint. The building retains the tower, the windows and the original portal.
The old chapel has now been transformed into the Maritime Museum (Museu de la Mar).
|The Museum of the Sea|
|The Maritime Museum of the Oratory St. Catherine intended to be an interpretation of the history of Sóller and its port center in relation to the sea link between man and the sea there is presented in all its aspects, highlighting the most unique features of this relationship with the history of Sóller.|
The Maritime Museum is located in the district of the sailors at the extreme right of the harbor, at the entrance of the peninsula where the lighthouse of the Cross.
Address: Carrer de Santa Caterina d’Alexandrie, 50
Hours: Wednesday to Saturday, 10:00 to 18:00, Sundays and holidays from 10:00 to 14:00, closed on Mondays and Tuesdays.
Phone: 00 34 971 632 204
Site on the Web: www.a-soller.es/museudelamar
Entry fee: € 3.
|The Botanical Garden (Jardí Botànic de Sóller / Jardin Botanico de Sóller)|
|Address: Carretera Ma-11 Palma-Sóller, 30.5 km|
Hours: Tuesday to Saturday, 10:00 to 18:00, Sundays and holidays from 10:00 to 14:00, closed on Mondays.
Entry fee: € 5.
Phone: 00 34 971 634 014
Site on the Web: www.jardibotanicdesoller.org
|For centuries, the boat was practically the only means of transportation for people of Sóller. The two main activities which lived the port were boatbuilding and maritime trade. The hands of the shipwrights of Sóller small boats came coastal traffic as the Catalan felucca, big boats like schooners, felucca and chebecs able to cross the Atlantic.|
|Historically, shipbuilding was a real work of craftsmanship. The techniques and secrets of the trade passed down from father to son. Port de Sóller has a rich lineage of masters shipwrights, the March, which since the mid-nineteenth century built the majority of boats in the harbor.|
Once the wood prepared and developed design, construction of the craft began with the adjustment. The various parts, elements that shaped the ship had come together as parts of a puzzle. All steps were preceded by a plumb adjustment to ensure perfect symmetry throughout the building.
The keel, the backbone of the boat, was placed first. Was then raised couples, "coast" of the hull, the skeleton of the boat was thus formed. Couples once built, we asked all the parts forming the lining of the vessel.
The shell is crafted, the next step was the caulking, which was to fill the gaps in tow impregnated with linseed oil to make it waterproof. At the same time the caulking, the shipwright manufactured devices or as additional rigging ropes, sails and other parts for the government and the movement of the boat such as the pole, mast or oars.
The process of construction of a boat with the choice of the starting timber. The trees had to be cut to the full moon in January and August when the wood was healthy and in the best conditions to be cut. In Sóller, shipwrights using green oak (for the bow and keel), pine Majorca (for members and couples), pine (for interior parts) and Nordic pine for dubbing.
Wood in the carpenter shop was transported, we soaked it for gaining flexibility and to extract the sap. The logs were then charged under the control of carpenter windfall. It should take into account the provision of rings that the wood used for the construction does not break. Center, we drew the greatest elements of the boat, and we took advantage of the end for smaller rooms. For this work, we used the mat.
The prepared raw material, we drew the ship. While the old shipwrights were content to make scale drawings to draw templates, from the early twentieth century, it began making models and prototypes.
In Port de Sóller, building wooden boats was primarily related to the production and export of oranges of the Sóller Valley. Port, because of its unique natural conditions refuge across the north coast of Majorca, was equipped with a shipyard to build and repair boats.
In 1874 the register of Sóller had 7 felucca, 9 chebecs, 22 Catalan feluccas, the small schooners "San Juan" and "Purisima Concepción" and the schooner "Nicolàs".
|Fishermen are still the soul of Port de Sóller. Traditional fishing is not only a friendly activity of the surrounding environment, but also keeps a legacy of the past, a whole culture associated with the direct interaction between man and the sea|
|Although the Port of Sóller has already been used by the Romans and Phoenicians for commercial purposes, it was not until the eighteenth century that he acquired a real prosperity.|
The increase in the exchange of goods is due to the loss of vitality of piracy that had made the sea one of the most dangerous place for navigation. From then, the Sóller boats plied the waters of the Mediterranean as well as the Atlantic, and the Port of Sóller should know arrivals and departures constant boat to and from the most diverse places.
Citrus trade is known since the sixteenth century and it is common in the eighteenth century. The crisis in the second half of the nineteenth century, because of a strange disease orange left Sóller without its most lucrative business exporting citrus de Sóller to France, Belgium and Switzerland.
It took every boat trip to transport various products. In the same cargo, you could find products as diverse as citrus, fabrics, wood, oil or soubressade. In addition, many merchant ships had a space reserved for passengers, which rarely exceed 8 or 10 places.
|Second Sunday in May: "Sa Fira" (large local festival) and "Es Firo" or the feast of "Moors and Christians"|
The historic victory of people of Sóller on Saracens 11 May 1561 is commemorated by an extensive program of events and festivals. Sa Fira is celebrated on Sunday, with a market involving, among others, local artisans. Monday stands Es Firo, with the representation of the battle between the "Moors and Christians", which involved a good part of town. The show starts with buckwheat beach landing port and ends at nightfall on the town square.
|Access by Road|
|By road (Ma-11), we reach the northern part of Port de Sóller in a tunnel (Tunel de Sa Mola), free one.|
The 1329 m long tunnel dug under 156 m of the mountain Puig de Sa Mola, opens into the outskirts of Port de Sóller, it unloads the old road built on the shore of the bay of Sóller, which in turn leads directly through the city.
|Port de Sóller-Palma-Sóller|
Phone: 00 34 971 49 680
Departures from Monday to Friday at 7:00, 10:00, 15:00 and 18:00, Saturday at 10:00 and 15:00.
Buses are to be taken at the bar La Granja in carrer Archidux Lluis Salvador.
(Bus n° 4).
|Company Bus Nort Balear|
Two regular bus services linking the station to Palma.
Line 211: Port de Sóller - Sóller - Palma. Journey time: 40 minutes. Price: 2,70 €
Line 210: Port de Sóller - Sóller - Deià - Valldemossa - Palma. Price: € 3.90
Departures every day, even on Sundays (except from October 1 to March 31) at 7:30, 9:30, 14:30, 16:00 and 18:00.
|The most interesting online is probably the 254 line, which runs along the Ma-10 road from Port de Sóller, stopping in Sóller, Lluc, Pollença, Cala Sant Vicenç, Port de Pollença, Alcúdia, Port d’Alcudia, Platja de Muro and Can Picafort. This line runs from May to October, twice a day during the week, but it is crowded.|
Passeig de Sa Platja
Phone: 00 34 971 631 948
Phone: 00 34 971 638 484
|A tram connects Sóller to Port de Sóller, along the bay in the last part of the journey.|
Port de Sóller - Sóller: Monday to Sunday departures every hour from 5:55 to 9:00. Allow 20 to 25 minutes. Price: € 4.
|Excursions at Sea|
|From Port de Sóller, you can make boat trips to Cala Tuent and Sa Calobra. Trips by sea to Cala Deià, Port de Valldemossa, Sant Elm and Illa Sa Dragonera once available are no longer available.|
|Banco de Credito Baleares|
Carrer Marina, 30
Open from 8:30 to 14:00. ATM.
|The Tourist Office|
|Carrer Canonge Olivier, 10|
Phone: 00 34 971 633 042
Open only in the morning.
|The Eden Hotel|
|Hotel Eden is located on the road that runs along the bay. Overlooking the sea, it enjoys a beautiful location, overlooking the bay of Port de Sóller. The tram Sóller has a stop in front of the hotel.|
Open from February to October. Single room from 54 to 65 € with breakfast. Double room from 78 to 106 €. Half board € 3 or more full board € 13. The 152 rooms have air conditioning / heating, telephone, safe, refrigerator, hairdryer and wifi (with many disconnections in the rooms). Pool.
Address: Calle Es Traves 26-07108 Port de Sóller - Mallorca
Phone: 00 34 971 631 600
|Better to book a room with sea view, the rooms at the back not only did not have a view of the sea, but do not have a balcony and are more cramped. The rooms are located in one particularly worthy of a 3 star, for example: room 131…|