Fauna of the island of Cabrera in Majorca
|Each island has environmental conditions that vary slightly from each other. This is why animals and plants that inhabit them evolve in different ways, and give rise to races and endemic or exclusive varieties in each block.|
Insects and Arachnids
|Red lobster (Palinurus elephas)|
|It lists in the National Park of Cabrera, 29 species of terrestrial gastropods, 8 of which are indigenous. One of them, the Tudorella ferruginea, is the only species of the genus Tudorella and is endemic to the Eastern Islands.|
|The Cabrera archipelago is a privileged area for bird watching.|
Mainly in rocky outcrops smaller islands - - The seabirds nest-stands are important: Cory’s shearwater (Calonectris diomedea), the shearwaters (Puffinus puffinus), the shag (Phalacrocorax aristotelis), Ring of Audouin (Larus audouinii) and the yellow-legged gull (Larus ridibundus): Leach’s storm or storm petrel (Hydrobates pelagicus) and the Balearic shearwater (Puffinus mauretanicus) are less likely.
Coastal cliffs are an ideal habitat for breeding birds of prey like the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), Eleonora’s falcon or marine falcon (Falco eleonorae) and the fish eagle or osprey (Pandion haliaetus) Osprey.
Several documents of the thirteenth century is preserved indicating that among the resources Cabrera were hawks. Usually, in the lease of the island, the reserves were excluded Hawks: Hawks were sent through Ciutat (that is to say, Palma de Mallorca), Tarragona, because they belonged to the provost Tarragona.
Cabrera is also of great importance as an area of passage of migratory birds, which has seen more than 130 species, using the islands of the archipelago as a resting place in the spring and fall.
Among passerines found as residents: the greenfinch (Chloris chloris) and Goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis), as wintering: the thrush, the black redstart (Phoenicurus ochruros) and red robins (Erithacus rubecula). Among the migratory found in abundance of warblers, the redstart (Phoenicurus), the pied flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca), the oriole (Oriolus oriolus) and the willow warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus). The Sardinian warbler of the Balearic Islands (Sylvia sarda var. Balearica) is endemic.
|Willow Warbler (Phylloscopus trochilus) (mosquiter de passa / mosquitero musical)|
|The fish fauna of the waters of Cabrera does not differ much from the rest of the western Mediterranean, but you can meet features that give it a distinctive character. Its southernmost and most exposed to Atlantic influences other places geographical position and its proximity to deepwater slope species can meet loving warm waters, such as the cardinalfish (Apogon imberbis), the peacock wrasse (Thalassoma pavo) or green moray (Gymnothorax unicolor), and ocean water species such as swordfish (Xiphias gladius), sunfish (Mola mola) or the blue shark (Prionace glauca). In the crystalline waters, between rocky, underwater caves, the extended sandy bottoms and seagrass meadows endangered, there is a large amount of cash, more than 200 species. However, the most common species in the National Park can be classified into four major ecological groups:|
|Ornate wrasse (Thalassoma pavo)|
|Fish to be identified||Fish to be identified||Fish to be identified|
|Fish tidal waters. This is the case of oblade (Oblada melanura), the bug (Boops boops) or picarel (Spicara smaris), which can perform movements of medium and large. In this group are also included others who, although free, are more related to shelter the bottom, as the species damselfish (Chromis chromis) and red bream (Anthias anthias). Finally, there are more pelagic species such as amberjack (Seriola dumerili), horse mackerel (Trachurus spp.) Or snook (Sphyraena sp.).|
|Damselfish (Chromis chromis)||Red bream (Anthias anthias)|
|European barracuda (Sphyraena sphyraena)|
|Fish funds to travel medium and large. The rock layers between which they perform larger displacements, are the Denton (Dentex dentex), the red porgy (Pagrus pagrus), black bream (Spondyliosoma cantharus) or bar (Dicentrarchus labrax). Species displacement of more modest scale Cabrera are the sar (Diplodus vulgaris), common seabream (Diplodus sargus), the sharpsnout seabream (Diplodus puntazzo) or saupe (Sarpa Salpa), easily observable on extended Posidonia. The soft layers are distinguished red mullet (Mullus surmuletus), marbled (Lithognathus mormyrus), the stingray (Dasyatis pastinaca) and more deep red mullet (Mullus barbatus), the seabream (Pagellus acarne) and the mullet gurnard (Trigloporus lastoviza).|
|Saupe (Sarpa Salpa)||European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax)||Streaked gurnard (Trigloporus lastoviza)|
|Fish territorial funds to small scale movements. In all areas where the Posidonia or algal communities are well developed meeting, he will not fail to be a good representation of wrasses. Among them, we highlight wrasse (Coris julis), large blackbirds (Labrus merula) and green wrasse (Labrus viridis), and up to eight species of Symphodus, among which may be mentioned for its size and the color cénilabre tench (tinca Symphodus). Among the fish found in a rocky habitat, there is the black corb (Sciaena umbra) and up to ten species of groupers, which we include five: the writing comber (Serranus scriba), the kid comber (Serranus cabrilla), the dusky grouper (Epinephelus marginatus), the Gag grouper grouper (Epinephelus costae) Gag grouper and red (Mycteroperca rubra).|
|Black Corb (Sciaena umbra)||Common wrasse (Coris julis)||Mediterranean wrasse (Symphodus mediterraneus)|
|Serran writing (Serranus scriba)||Gag grouper grouper (Epinephelus costae)|
|Dusky grouper (Epinephelus marginatus)|
|The groundfish very bonded to the substrate. In rocky and sandy bottoms, and shallow, there is a beautiful set of gobidés and blénidés as cephalote goby (Gobius cobitis), the gattorugine blénie (Parablennius gattorugine) and palmicorne blénie (Parablennius sanguinolentus). Species is fond more depth are red scorpion (Scorpaena scrofa), brown rockfish (Scorpaena porcus), the common moray (Muraena helena) and conger (Conger conger). Of bottom sediments, we find the platophrys (Bothus podas), fish-pearl razor (Xyrichtys novacula) and various species of rays (Raja sp.).|
|Common moray (Muraena helena)|
|Wide-eyed flounder (Bothus podas)|
|Currently the only indigenous land mammals of Cabrera are bats, which has identified five species. In one of the caves of Cabrera, we found the remains of Myotragus balearicus, endemic goat who died with the arrival of humans in the Balearic Islands.|
The human presence has introduced invasive non-native species such as civet, the house mouse and hedgehog in North Africa.
The waters of Cabrera National Park are frequented by various species of cetaceans. The best known are the dolphins, which sometimes approach the coast and boats. The most common species are the common dolphin (Delphinus delphis), the striped dolphin (Stenella coeruleoalba) and bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus). We also note the presence of whales and occasionally sperm whales, although they do not approach the land.