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The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote

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PresentationPresentation

General presentationGeneral presentation

Herbaceous plantsHerbaceous plants

Lanzarote is one of 16 exclusive flora species endemic to the island, 30 exclusive endemic species of the eastern Canary Islands, 41 exclusive endemic species of Canary and 19 exclusive endemic species of Macaronesia.
The distribution of vegetation on the island of LanzaroteButternut squash (Cucurbita moschata)(Malephora crocea)
The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote. distribution of vegetation. Click to enlarge the image.The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote. pumpkin flower musky Agricultural Museum El Patio in Tiagua. Click to enlarge the image.The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote. Malephora crocea Agricultural Museum El Patio in Tiagua. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).
Bugloss of Lanzarote (Echium lancerottense)Birdsfoot of Lanzarote (Lotus lancerottensis)
The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote. Bugloss of Lanzarote (Echium lancerottense) near the Ermita de las Nieves. Click to enlarge the image.The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote. Bugloss of Lanzarote (Echium lancerottense) near the Ermita de las Nieves. Click to enlarge the image.The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote. Birdsfoot Lanzarote (Lotus lancerottensis) near the Ermita de las Nieves. Click to enlarge the image.
Astérolide intermediate (Asteriscus intermedius)Cousteline Tangier (Reichardia tingitana)Shrubby Chrysanthemum (Argyranthemum frutescens)
The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote. intermediate Astérolide (Asteriscus intermedius) near the Ermita de las Nieves. Click to enlarge the image.The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote. Tangier Cousteline (Reichardia tingitana) near the Ermita de las Nieves. Click to enlarge the image.The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote. shrubby Chrysanthemum (Argyranthemum frutescens) near the Ermita de las Nieves. Click to enlarge the image.
Stepmother Cushion (Echinocactus grusonii)(Mammilaria compressa)(Pachycereus pecten-aboriginum)
The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote. stepmother Cushion (Echinocactus grusonii) Agricultural Museum El Patio in Tiagua. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote. Mammilaria compressa Agricultural Museum El Patio in Tiagua. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote. Pachycereus pecten-aboriginum Agricultural Museum El Patio in Tiagua. Click to enlarge the image.

TreesTrees

Araucaria identify
The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote. Conifer in the cemetery of Haría. Click to enlarge the image.

InsectsInsects and Arachnids

Lanzarote is home to an endemic invertebrate exclusive of Lanzarote, the Munidopsis polymorpha, a tiny lobster, albino and blind, exclusive of salt water from the underground lake of volcanic pits of Jameos del Agua, where he gets his nickname “jameito” (gouffrette?).
(Amegilla quadrifasciata)
Amegilla quadrifasciata foraging on witch claws (Carpobrotus edulis) in Playa Blanca.
The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote. amegilla quadrifasciata foraging on witch claws (Carpobrotus edulis), Playa Blanca. Click to enlarge the image.

MolluscsMolluscs

FishesFishes

ReptilesReptiles

Despite the desert side of the island, there are no snakes in Lanzarote. However the island is home to many endemic species including some lizards. The most characteristic of the island reptiles are Atlantic lizard (Gallotia atlantica) (lagarto atlántico) and Taranto broad head (Tarentola angustimentalis) or gecko Lanzarote (perenquén majorero).

BirdsBirds

The avifauna of Lanzarote includes about 40 species nesting kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) (cernícalo), the gray shrike (Lanius excubitor) (alcaudón real), the stone curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus) (alcaraván) or Houbara bustard (Chlamydotis undulata) (hubara canaria).

The cliffs of the Cordillera de Famara are a sanctuary for endangered species: the last Egyptian vultures on the island (Neophron percnopterus) (guirre), osprey (Pandion haliaetus) (guincho), the Barbary falcon (Falco pelegrinoides) (halcón de Berbería). The wealth of bird life also extends to the neighboring islands of the archipelago Chinijo, where we note the presence of the shearwater Scopoli (Calonectris diomedea) (pardela cenicienta).

In the salt marshes as the Salinas de Janubio in Yaiza or those of Los Cocoteros near Guatiza, species can be observed as the Kentish plover (Charadrius alexandrinus), little egret (Egretta garzetta) and stilt (Himantopus himantopus). In the ruins of windmills githagine the nest finch (Bucanetes githagineus) and the hoopoe (Upupa epops).

Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres)
The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote. Ruddy Turnstone (Arenaria interpres) in the port of Arrecife. Click to enlarge the image.

MammalsMammals

Dromedary (Camelus dromedarius)
The “camels” that we see in Lanzarote are not two-humped camels, or Bactrian camels (Camelus bactrianus), but specifically camels to a bump, or Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius).

Camels are animals that can reach a height of 2.5 m at the withers; their colors vary from brown, tan to almost white. Camels make excellent pack animals because they have large water storage pockets in the stomach and fat reserves in their humps. Their large feet spread, the padded toes, allow them to have a good grip on soft ground.

Camels were introduced to Lanzarote from North Africa to the fifteenth century, and even today they have camel (camelleros) Moroccan. Camels were used to pull the heavy wheels of animal traction mills, or to transport the grapes harvest and lapilli (picón) used in agriculture. You can see the harness camels in Agricultural Museum El Patio in Tiagua and Tanit Museum in San Bartolomé.

The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote. Camel (Camelus dromedarius) in the Timanfaya National Park. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote. Camel Agricultural Museum El Patio in Tiagua. Click to enlarge the image.The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote. Camel Agricultural Museum El Patio in Tiagua. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).

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Canary Islands > Fuerteventura > Flora and Fauna
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Interactive map of the island of Lanzarote
The northern coast of Lanzarote
The eastern coast of Lanzarote
The southern coast of Lanzarote
The western coast of Lanzarote
The interior of the island of Lanzarote
The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote
The island of Lanzarote - OTC Brochure (PDF)
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Home page
Tourist information on the Canary Islands
The geography of the Canary Islands
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The island of El Hierro in the Canary Islands
The island of La Palma in the Canary Islands
The island of La Gomera in the Canary Islands
The island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands
The island of Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands
The island of Fuerteventura in the Canary Islands
The island of Lanzarote in the Canary Islands
The flora and fauna of the Canary Islands
The archipelago of the Canary Islands - OTC Brochure (PDF)

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