|Dromedary (Camelus dromedarius)|
|The “camels” that we see in Lanzarote are not two-humped camels, or Bactrian camels (Camelus bactrianus), but specifically camels to a bump, or Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius).|
Camels are animals that can reach a height of 2.5 m at the withers; their colors vary from brown, tan to almost white. Camels make excellent pack animals because they have large water storage pockets in the stomach and fat reserves in their humps. Their large feet spread, the padded toes, allow them to have a good grip on soft ground.
Camels were introduced to Lanzarote from North Africa to the fifteenth century, and even today they have camel (camelleros) Moroccan. Camels were used to pull the heavy wheels of animal traction mills, or to transport the grapes harvest and lapilli (picón) used in agriculture. You can see the harness camels in Agricultural Museum El Patio in Tiagua and Tanit Museum in San Bartolomé.