AlbanieAllemagneAngleterreArméniePays basqueBiélorussieBulgarieCatalogneCroatieDanemarkEspagneEstonieFinlandeFranceGalicePays de GallesGéorgieGrèceHongrieIrlandeIslandeItalieEmpire romainLettonieLithuanieMacédoineMalteNorvègePays-BasPolognePortugalRoumanieRussieSerbieSlovaquieSlovénieSuèdeTchéquieUkraïne
If you reached this frame directly, click on this link to display the menus.
Personalized search

The natural park of the Chinijo archipelago in Lanzarote

[Parent topics] [Next topics] [Fuerteventura] [Grand Canary] [La Gomera] [La Palma] [Lanzarote] [Tenerife] [El Hierro] [Home page] [Canaries] [Via Gallica]
Topics[Photos] [Presentation] [Situation] [Visits] [Culture] [Practical Information] [Other topics]Edited page

PresentationPresentation

General presentationGeneral presentationEtymologyEtymology and toponymy
The natural park del Archipiélago Chinijo in Lanzarote. The archipelago Chinijo seen from La Caleta de Famara. Click to enlarge the image.The Archipelago Nature Reserve Chinijo (Parque Natural del Archipiélago Chinijo) is a protected natural area in the northwest and north of the island of Lanzarote.

The Nature Park includes not only the archipelago Chinijo, consists of several volcanic islands and islets, as well as the northwest coastline of the island of Lanzarote, including part of the sandy plain of El Jable, the Cordillera de Famara (Risco de Famara) and also the volcano Monte Corona.

In colloquial language of the adjective Canarian “chinijo” roughly means “Tiny”; the word is used to refer to young children or something small. The archipelago Chinijo is a tiny archipelago in the secondary great Canaries.

SituationSituation

The natural park del Archipiélago Chinijo in Lanzarote. The archipelago seen from the Mirador del Río. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).The Natural Park of the archipelago Chinijo is located in the north of the island of Lanzarote, on the municipalities of Teguise and Haría.

The park covers the archipelago Chinijo, from the island La Graciosa, in the south to the island of Alegranza, north and the northwest coast of Lanzarote, from the village of La Santa to Mirador del Río and the Cape of Punta Fariones, in the north of the island. The archipelago Chinijo is separated from the north of Lanzarote by the Straits El Río, about 2 kilometers wide.

The natural park del Archipiélago Chinijo in Lanzarote. Chinijo seen from the volcano Guanapay in Teguise. Click to enlarge the image.The area of the Natural Park is approximately 460 km², 91 km² of land area about 40 km² for the islands of the archipelago Chinijo and 50 km² to the north-west coast of Lanzarote.

The only localities included in the Natural Park is the village of Caleta de Famara, located northwest of Lanzarote, and the village of Caleta del Sebo, located south of the island La Graciosa.

VisitsVisits

IslandThe archipelago Chinijo (Archipiélago Chinijo)
The natural park del Archipiélago Chinijo in Lanzarote. The archipelago seen from the ferry to La Graciosa. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).The archipelago Chinijo is a small secondary archipelago comprising five islands or islets, from north to south: the island of Alegranza, the island of Roque del Oeste, the island of Montaña Clara, the island Roque del Este and island of La Graciosa. The archipelago is on a high platform diving located within a hundred meters deep, although in some places you can reach two hundred meters.

For historical reasons, the archipelago Chinijo is part of the municipality of Teguise, the old capital of Lanzarote, although it is closer to the town of Haría.

IslandThe island of Alegranza
The natural park del Archipiélago Chinijo in Lanzarote. The island of Alegranza (Tbor author). Click to enlarge the image.The island of Alegranza (Isla de Alegranza) is the northernmost island of the archipelago Chinijo, but also to the Canary Islands; it is located 16 km north of the northern tip of the island of Lanzarote, the Punta Fariones.

This is the first island that met Jean de Béthencourt during his expedition of conquest of the Canaries, in June 1402; Béthencourt named the island “Joyeuse ," which was translated into Spanish by “allegranza."

The Isla de Alegranza has an area of about 12 km²; its highest point is the Caldera de Alegranza, which reaches 289 meters, and whose crater has a diameter of 1.1 km and a depth of 200 m.

The natural park del Archipiélago Chinijo in Lanzarote. The island of Alegranza view from La Graciosa. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).The natural park del Archipiélago Chinijo in Lanzarote. The Alegranza island view from the Mirador del Río. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).The island was once inhabited but is no more; it is still private property, but the owners families can not do anything because Alegranza is part of the Natural Park and Marine Reserve. Access to the island is prohibited except to researchers, as many rare species of birds nest on the island. However companies organize maritime day trips from which to observe the island from the sea and even snorkel with the required permissions.

IslandThe island Roque del Oeste
The Roque del Oeste (Western Roc), also known as Roque del Infierno (Hell Roc) because of its black color, is about 3 km northwest of La Graciosa; it is visible from the beautiful beach Playa de las Conchas, located northwest of La Graciosa. The island is part of the Natural Reserve and cannot be visited by; it is besides a steep rock, 6 hectares, where there is no landing point.
IslandThe island of Montaña Clara
The natural park del Archipiélago Chinijo in Lanzarote. La Montaña Clara, Roque del Oeste and the south of the island of Alegranza. Click to enlarge the image.The island of Montaña Clara (Isla de Montaña Clara) is located 1.5 km northwest of the island of La Graciosa. This is the second island met by Jean de Béthencourt on arrival in the Canary Islands; Béthencourt named this island “Montclair”, a name that became “Monteclara” and Montaña Clara. As Roque del Oeste, the island of Montaña Clara is visible from the island Graciosa.

The natural park del Archipiélago Chinijo in Lanzarote. La Montaña Clara view from La Graciosa. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).Montaña Clara has an area of about 1 km²; the island rises to the Caldera de Montaña Clara, égueulé a volcano of 256 meters above sea level at the top with a crater 1 km in diameter, which opens to the north by a small cove, Caletón Oscuro.

Montaña Clara is part of the Natural Reserve of the Islets of Northern Lanzarote; the island is privately owned; it was once inhabited, and it is there the vestiges of dwellings (Las Casas del Verí), but it is off limits.

IslandThe island Roque del Este
The natural park del Archipiélago Chinijo in Lanzarote. The island Roque del Este west of Cape Fariones. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).As the name suggests, Roque del Este is located in the east of the archipelago Chinijo, 13 km east of the island of La Graciosa; it would be the easternmost point of the Canary Islands. The Roc East is an inaccessible island of 7 hectares, and is part of Natural Reserve.
Island The island of La Graciosa
La Isla Graciosa is the only inhabited island of the archipelago Chinijo with a population of around 700 inhabitants.

Go to the island La Graciosa.

The natural park del Archipiélago Chinijo to Lanzarote. the port of Caleta del Sebo on the island of La Graciosa. Click to enlarge the image.The natural park del Archipiélago Chinijo in Lanzarote. The island of Montaña Clara view from La Graciosa. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).The natural park del Archipiélago Chinijo in Lanzarote. Southern volcanoes on the island of La Graciosa. Click to enlarge the image in Fotolia (new tab).
Natural ParkThe Archipelago Nature Reserve Chinijo (Parque natural del Archipiélago Chinijo)
The natural park del Archipiélago Chinijo in Lanzarote. Instruction Panel Natural Park. Click to enlarge the image.Due to its geological and biological importance - with several species of endangered or protected - the archipelago Chinijo is the subject of a protection at multiple levels:
  • globally, Lanzarote as a whole has been declared a Biosphere Reserve (Reserva de la Biosfera) in October 1993.
  • in May 1986, the Archipelago Natural Park Chinijo (Parque Natural del Archipiélago Chinijo) was established, covering 462 km² and includes the archipelago Chinijo and the north-west coast of Lanzarote. The park was inaugurated in 1986 by the King of Spain Juan Carlos.
  • The natural park del Archipiélago Chinijo in Lanzarote. Park map. Click to enlarge the image.in 1994 created the Reserva Marina de La Graciosa y los Islotes del Norte de Lanzarote, which protects marine flora and fauna of the waters of the archipelago and the northern tip of Lanzarote, and severely regulates fishing. It is the largest marine reserve in the European Union, with 700 km². Marine Reserve covers part of the Natural Park.
  • in February 1996, the archipelago Chinijo is a Natura 2000 area of the European Union.
  • in 1994, an area of 17 km² gets the Special Protection Area for Birds status (Zona Especial de Protección para las Aves, ZEPA).
  • in December 1994 created the Reserva Natural Integral de los Islotes, giving special protection to islands of Montaña Clara, Roque del Oeste and Roque del Este. Access to these three islands is strictly prohibited.
FloraThe flora and fauna of the Natural Park of the archipelago Chinijo
The natural park del Archipiélago Chinijo in Lanzarote. A Berthelot's pipit (Anthus berthelotii) in the Natural Park. Click to enlarge the image.The regional park of the archipelago Chinijo is characterized by birds, with about 150 species of birds present; it is the most important nesting area of ​​the Canary Islands for certain species.

On the island of Alegranza encountered the osprey (Pandion haliaetus) and the Shearwater Scopoli (Calonectris diomedea); on the island of Montaña Clara, Shearwater Scopoli, Eleonora’s falcon (Falco eleonorae) and the storm petrel or storm petrel (Hydrobates pelagicus).

We also meet the Barbary falcon (Falco pelegrinoides), kestrel (Falco tinnunculus), the Egyptian vulture and Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus), the storm petrels (Oceanodroma castro), the frigate petrel (Pelagodroma marina), Cory’s shearwater (Calonectris borealis) and a few pairs of Houbara bustard (Chlamydotis undulata), highly endangered species in the Canary Islands.

The only endemic land mammal of the archipelago is the Canary shrew (Crocidura canariensis). We also find three endemic reptiles: the gecko Lanzarote (Tarentola angustimentalis) (perenquén majorero), Atlantic lizard (Gallotia atlantica) (lagarto atlántico or lagarto de Haría) and the skink Lanzarote (Chalcides simonyi) (lisneja majorera).

The waters of the archipelago are also rich in fish species: one in lists 228 species, such as black corb (Sciaena umbra) (corvina negra), fish Mediterranean uncommon in the Canaries. There are also some cetaceans, particularly during the months of migration, such as the minke whale or minke whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata), Risso’s dolphin (Grampus griseus) and short-beaked common dolphin (Delphinus delphis).

Protected wildlife also includes snails family limpets or barnacles (Patellidae), commonly called Chinese hats.

The archipelago also has a large number of endemic plants including: Bupleurum handiense, Caralluma burchardii, Euphorbia balsamifera, Atractylis arbuscula, Helichrysum gossypinum, Convolvulus lopez-socasi, Androcymbium psammophilum, Helichrysum monogynum. The marine flora over 300 seaweed species including a rare case, the Codium carolinianum.

The island of La Graciosa shelters endemic plant species as broomrape of La Graciosa (Orobanche gratiosa) (jopo de La Graciosa) that are found nowhere else.

Practical informationPractical information

Sea excursionSea ​​excursions
The natural park del Archipiélago Chinijo in Lanzarote. Prospectus excurions in the Natural Park. Click to enlarge the image.Access to the uninhabited islands of the archipelago Chinijo is prohibited, but there are opportunities for boat trips with two companies.

During the summer months the ferry company Lineas Marítimas Romero organizes trips since Órzola or from Caleta de Sebo to the island of Alegranza, including lunch and drinks.

To visit the uninhabited islets, it is necessary to have an authorization from the Delegación del Medio Ambiente Insular in Arrecife; phone: 00 34928814616.

Address: Avenida Virgen del Mar, 119A, Caleta del Sebo.

Phone: 00 34 928 842 055 / 00 34 928 596 107

Site on the Web: www.lineasromero.com

Lanzarote Active Club

Address: Calle El Crucero, 7 - 35508 Costa Teguise

Phone: 00 34 650 819 069

Site on the Web: www.lanzaroteactiveclub.com

DivingDiving
The prohibition of intensive fishing in the waters of the Marine Reserve because of the archipelago Chinijo outstanding diving area by the abundance of fish. 30 m deep channel that separates the island of Alegranza island Graciosa is particularly rich in fish species. There is also a dive site near the Montaña Amarilla in La Graciosa where we can see dogfish, mullet and lobster.

The ferry company Lineas Marítimas Romero organizes trips to scuba diving to both sites since Diving Centre (Centro de Buceo) in Caleta del Sebo.

Site on the Web: buceolagraciosa.es

Sport fishingSport fishing
While fishing is strictly controlled in the Marine Reserve, it is possible to make fishing trips organized by an official office in Caleta del Sebo in La Graciosa.

Other topicsOther topics

Filiation of the topics
Canary Islands > Lanzarote > Northern coast > Natural Park of the Archipelago Chinijo
More detailed topics
The island of Graciosa in Lanzarote
Close topics
The natural park of the Chinijo archipelago in Lanzarote
The town of Haría in Lanzarote
Broader topics
Home page
Interactive map of the island of Lanzarote
The northern coast of Lanzarote
The eastern coast of Lanzarote
The southern coast of Lanzarote
The western coast of Lanzarote
The interior of the island of Lanzarote
The flora and fauna of the island of Lanzarote
The island of Lanzarote - OTC Brochure (PDF)

[Parent topics] [Next topics]
Recommend this page :
Recommend this site :
Personalized search
If you reached this frame directly, click on this link to reveal the menus..