The National Park Caldera de Taburiente has a mountainous landscape, typical of the island of La Palma, crossed by many small streams. This steep terrain, due to the high altitude, is the essential attraction of the National Park.
The Caldera de Taburiente is a huge depression (one of the world’s largest of its kind) of erosive origin.
The Caldera is surrounded by a circus of summits 8 km in diameter peaks are among the highest of the island: the Roque de los Muchachos (2 426 m), the Pico de la Cruz (2 351 m), Piedra Llana (2 321 m), the Pico de la Nieve (2 236 m), the Punta de los Roques (2 085 m), and so on. You can visit two dormant craters: La Cumbrecita and Los Muchachos.
From the ridge, the ground dips to within the Caldera, creating steep cliffs, at least 800 m high. In their lowest point, they reach an altitude of 430 m above sea level, causing elevations of about 2 000 m.
The particular shape of the cauldron Caldera was due to volcanic eruptions, landslides and the action of water. Like the rest of the Canary Islands, the island of La Palma emerged from the bottom of the ocean after a series of volcanic eruptions.