|Rhodes town has two totally different aspects on the one hand, to the east, a medieval city , consisting of a maze of cobbled streets and topped arches overlap, supporting the walls shake when land, surrounded by ramparts raised by the Knights of St. John , and secondly, to the north and west, a new city consists of hotels, restaurants and nightclubs and buildings built by the Italians time of Mussolini .|
|Capital cultivates originality of the island in the Greek soul, Byzantine in memory Eastern in character Greek and finally everything else.|
The city of Rhodes is actually composed of three different cities:
- the ancient city built in 408 BC and was restored: there are the ruins of the temple of Zeus, Athena and Apollo, the stadium, the gymnasium and the theater;
- the medieval town characterized by Gothic architecture, with the Hospital, the Street of the Knights and of course the Grand Masters Palace , home of ancient mosaics and a collection of western style furniture. In the lower town, gothic architecture blends with mosques and public baths built during the Ottoman period.
- the modern city is cosmopolitan, with its hotels and buildings.
But it is especially the memory of the Knights of St. John , which is the most striking. These guardians of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem have built a wonderful medieval city today World Heritage by UNESCO. It penetrates through monumental gates opened in a high wall and we discover through the maze of old streets beautifully preserved architecture of the fortress of Grand Master’s Palace or the Street of the Knights , with its old inns Stone decorated with the arms of different houses.
It is not far from where stood the famous Colossus of Rhodes , one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world today symbolized by the two columns surmounted, one of a deer, the other a doe , which guard the entrance to Mandraki port , surrounded by medieval forts, ancient mills, the slender minarets of mosques and palaces of Venice.
|Inhabited since ancient times, the island of Rhodes participated civilizations, wind, and Dorian. For cons, the foundation of the city itself, the work of Hippodamos of Miletus , only dates from 408 BC. But the city quickly became a major importance, becoming a major maritime power and the center of Hellenistic civilization flourished. It is also at this time that was erected the famous Colossus of Rhodes , one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, but an earthquake destroyed fifty years after its construction!|
The city became part of the Eastern Roman Empire before becoming between 1309 and 1522, the capital of the Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem . It was taken by the Turks in 1522, after a memorable siege, it was then part of the Ottoman Empire until 1912.