The natural park of los Volcanes in Lanzarote
|The Natural Park of Los Volcanes is the Natural Park of ’ island of Lanzarote; it consists of volcanic edifices and lava fields and slag formed during the historic eruptions from 1730 to 1736 and 1824, but also during earlier phases of volcanism.|
| The Volcanoes Park (Parque Natural de Los Volcanes)|
|The Volcanoes Park was established in 1987 to expand the area already protected by the creation of the National Park Timanfaya in 1974. The area of the protected area has tripled. The Nature Park contains areas of great interest geomorphology such as lava fields, dross or lapilli (pozzolans), but also a Special Protection Area for Birds (ZEPA) on the site of Janubio.|
|This is a volcanic field with strange and curious formations from the solidification of the lava. Y flush old materials - some truly spectacular in their dimensions as the Caldera Blanca (458 m). Scattered volcanic cones are numerous and, besides these structures, other elements such as tunnels, lava lakes, the “hornitos” (lava accumulations welded shaped tower) stand.|
|The Caldera de Montaña Blanca|
|The Caldera de Montaña Blanca, commonly called Caldera Blanca, is one of the most spectacular volcanoes in the Natural Park of Los Volcanes and one of the best preserved craters of the island of Lanzarote, although it is the product of an earlier volcanism in the eighteenth century. Due to its age the Caldera Blanca has developed more vegetation than the surroundings.|
With its 458 meters high and the crater of a kilometer in diameter, the enormous cone is clearly visible from the village of Mancha Blanca. The Caldera Blanca is covered with whitish patches of lime which are at the origin of its name. One should not confuse the Caldera de Montaña Blanca with the Montaña Blanca is another volcano - 595 meters high - near the village of Masdache.
The spectacular aspect of Caldera Blanca has made one of the most popular hiking goals of the island. Since the LZ-67 highway, which connects Yaiza to Tinajo, a track listed LZ-601, off to the left, is circumvents by the Montaña de Mazo, then reached the massif of Risco Quebrado (312 m), located west of Caldera Blanca. The trail then passes north of Caldera Blanca, continues to Montaña Caldereta (324 m), then heads to the village of Mancha Blanca. The hike can be done by ATV, mountain bike or on foot. On foot it takes 3 ½ hours including the ascent to the crater rim and the descent into the crater, the bottom is 149 meters, 300 meters below the crater rim. It is essential to be well fitted if you will undertake the descent.
|The southeastern volcanoes|
|To the east of Volcanoes Park, the small road LZ-56 heads south from Mancha Blanca, and joined the LZ-30, connecting Teguise in Yaiza and crossing a desert of black sand strewn with lava plates rope, and re-colonized by low vegetation pale green lichens.|
On both sides of the road, we can see on the left a number of recent craters, including Montaña de las Nueces and Caldera Colorada (465 m), appeared in 1736, the Montaña Negra (518 m), old thousands years, and, on the right, the Montaña del Cuervo (Crow Mountain), or Montaña de Las Lapas, (385 m), appeared in 1730. Turning right on LZ-30 is coming soon in the wine region of La Geria, dominated by volcanoes of Montaña Diama (468 m) and Montaña Chupaderos (313 m). To the west - on the border between the Natural Park of Los Volcanes and the National Park of Timanfaya - is the highest peak of the Natural Park, the Pico Partido (517 m).
A marked path can take you to the Caldera Colorada; this road 4 km long (45 minutes) - easy enough - is punctuated with 15 information boards giving information about volcanism in the region. This mountain is named for Montaña Colorada (Red Mountain) in an oxidation phenomenon of volcanic rocks rich in iron which it is formed. She appeared in the last volcanic eruptions from 1736. Along the way we can see a huge volcanic bomb of several cubic meters. Behind the Montaña Colorada will feature a solidified lava flow, caused by an overflow of the crater.
| The Green Lagoon (Laguna Verde)|
|Go to the Green Lagoon at El Golfo.|
|The cliffs of Los Hervideros|
|Los Hervideros are cliffs with the ocean waves break causing a foam bubbling stream; the word “hervidero” actually means “bubbling source”. The contrast between the whiteness of the foam and the dark stone cliffs and crashing waves offer an impressive sight.|
|These basaltic rock cliffs - 15 meters high - are the lava front from the eruption of the volcano Montaña de la Vieja Gabriela (226 m), located 3 km east of the coast.|
The surf has dug two large caves in soft rock separating the basalt blocks. Both caves are at the bottom of a narrow creek, a kind of volcanic cove, in which the waves dash, pushed by westerly winds, before disappearing into the caves.
|Both caves are separated by a basalt flow on which an observation balcony - accessible by stairs - was laid out for visitors.|
The cave ceiling was pierced by the force of waves and foam plumes spring from these vents dramatically. Trails have been built in the volcanic cinder fields to allow visitors access to these natural vents.
|The caves of Los Hervideros are in the southeast of the Natural Park of Los Volcanes, south of the National Park Timanfaya, in the territory of the municipality of Yaiza. Since Yaiza or from Playa Blanca you can get there by taking the scenic route LZ-703 at the locality of La Hoya; after passing north of the salt pans of Janubio, we follow the rocky coast in the direction of El Golfo and the famous Green Lagoon. Los Hervideros are halfway between Janubio and El Golfo. Ample parking permits to park easily. The site visit is free.|
|Flora and fauna|
|The vegetation of the Natural Park of Los Volcanes is very rare, except in areas where materials are older, prior to the recent eruptions of the eighteenth and nineteenth century. There proliferate lichens; there are hundreds of different species. In cooler areas, it is common to see wild geranium, St. John’s wort and aeonium.|
Regarding wildlife, reptiles and birds are dominant because they have adapted to the exceptional conditions of the park.