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Kos Town, Kos - The medieval town

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Following the weakening of the Byzantine Empire , the Venetians captured the island of Kos to 1306. In 1315, they sold the island to the Knights Hospitallers of St. John . Until 1336, the island was still disputed between the Byzantine Empire, the Venetians and the Knights of St. John. After this date, the Knights firmly contrôlèrent the island of Kos.


The medieval town of Kos, fortified by the Knights Hospitaller, occupied the zone today between the Boulevard des Palmiers (Λεωφόρος των Φοινίκων) and Boulevard Hippocrates (Λεωφόρος Ιπποκράτους) it encompassed less than a quarter of the ancient city Greco -Roman , ie only the port area and the ancient agora, later known as Chora district.


The heart of Chora was the Piazza della Loggia is now Sycamore Square.
Fortifications of the Medieval City
The medieval town of Kos - Kos Castle Neratzia - The South Gate of the city médiévalei (author bazylek100). Click to enlarge the image in Flickr (new tab).Adjacent to the castle Neratzia was a small town whose fortifications began even before the construction of the fortress. It is under the magisterium of John Fernandez de Heredia (1376-1396) a low wall height, surrounded by a shallow ditch, was built from 1391 to 1396. This fortification was to defend the city against medieval attacks the Turks Sultan Bajazet I..
The medieval town of Kos - The door of the Granting of the medieval town of Kos (author bazylek100). Click to enlarge the image in Flickr (new tab). All that remains of this fortified two of the five doors, the South Gate and door known as the "Tax Gate," two towers (angles to the southeast and southwest of the town) and small section of the wall (below the Plane-tree Place of Hippocrates).

La Porte de l'Octroi of the medieval town of Kos (author Tedmek). Click to enlarge the image in Flickr (new tab). The Tax Gate (Πύλη του Φόρου), the southwest corner, was so named because the merchants in the Middle Ages, were to pay tax for selling goods in the medieval city. Porta Fórou still is today covered with beautiful bougainvillea.

The Church of St. John the Nauclère
The medieval town of Kos - The Church of St. John the Nauclère Kos (author Elisa Triolo). Click to enlarge the image.The Church of St. John the Nauclère Kos (author reini68). Click to enlarge the image in Flickr (new tab).The Church of St. John the Nauclère (Άγιος Ιωάννης ο Ναύκληρος) was built in the early fifteenth century and originally dedicated to St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of the Knights Hospitallers of St. John who ruled the island at that time.

The church fell into disrepair and in 1943, it was moved and restored. In 1947, the church was originally dedicated to the martyr of Kos, St. John the Nauclère. John the nauclère (that is to say the owner) had been seduced by the Turks and converted to Islam. Then he abjured Islam and affirmed his Christian faith, he continued to make from jail after being arrested by the Turks: they condemned to death by the stake.

History and traditionsHistory, literature, arts, traditions, legends, religions, myths, symbols ...

Go to page The history of Kos at the time of the Knights .

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Kos Town, Kos Island - Interactive map
Kos Town, Kos - The Greco-Roman city
Kos Town, Kos - The Byzantine city
Kos Town, Kos - The medieval town
Kos Town, Kos - Castle Neratzia
Kos Town, Kos - The Ottoman city
Kos Town, Kos - The Italian town
The village of Platani, Kos
The village and hot spring Empros, Kos
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The island of Kos - Interactive Map
The city of Kos or Cos, Kos
The site of the Asclepion of Kos, Kos
The town of Asfendiou, Kos
The town of Pyli, Kos
The town of Antimahia or Antimachia, Kos
The town of Kardamena, Kos
The town of Kefalos, Kos
The island of Kos in the Aegean - The history of the island
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