| The meager ruins of Kefalos are just west of the small town.|
The castle was built by the Knights Hospitaller of St. John , at the turn of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries on the foundations of an earlier fortification dating from the thirteenth century. During the Turkish invasion of Kos in 1457, the castle Kefalos with castles Paleo Pyli and Antimahia , served as a refuge for the 12,000 inhabitants of Kos.
The foot of the castle walls, there is a splendid view of the Gulf of Kefalos , the volcanic island of Nisyros and the Datca peninsula in Anatolia.
|The ruins of the early Christian basilica St. Stephen (Agios Stefanos,Άγιος Στέφανος) are located on a rocky promontory on the southwest coast, east of the village of Kamari , just next to the buildings of the former Club Med .|
The St. Stephen’s Basilica was actually consists of two twin basilicas: a large church in southern promontory and a smaller one in the north, the two basilicas, dating from the fifth century to the sixth century AD (from 496-554) - with later additions - shared a baptistery. At that time, the old sanctuary was connected to the island Kastri by a bridge, which was later destroyed by an earthquake.
The Basilica of the south was a three-aisled basilica with two rows of columns, a semicircular vault east and west rectangular narthex. The nave was separated by a marble balustrade, which only is preserved the cornerstone. The narthex has two entrances, one to the west and at a lower level. The soils of the church are covered with beautiful mosaics depicting birds, while the preserved parts of the walls show a sculptural decoration. The mosaics are covered with gravel to protect them from the elements.
The Basilica of the north was also three naves, but smaller. The most characteristic feature is that the three naves were formed from columns and pillars alternately. Here, too, we find the semi-circular arc to the east, where part of the throne, made of marble, is still preserved.
Outside the south-east, was a rectangular building, of which only the ground plane has been reconstructed with the remnants of rectangular font, the building seems to have served as a baptistery for both churches.
The large atrium was built later in the west of the church, perhaps in the sixth or seventh century AD, a grand staircase allowed access.
The site was excavated in 1932 by the Italian archaeologist Luciano Lorenzi, and searched from 1935 to 1943. Some beautiful Ionic columns were recovered near the shore, some of which are again collapsed since the 1980s.
Agios Stefanos is one of the most important monuments of Kos .