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Dodecanese means "twelve islands" (Dodeka nisia,Δωδεκάνησα), but they are actually fourteen, and even counting the 200 islands, of these 200 islands and islets only 27 are inhabited.
The fourteen main islands are: Astipalaia, Halki, Kalymnos, Karpathos, Kassos, Kastellorizo, Kos , Leros, Lipsi, Nisyros, Patmos, Rhodes , Symi and Tilos.
The Dodecanese is also called Southern Sporades.
Area: 2 714 km ²
Population: 200 452 inhabitants, more than half of the island of Rhodes .
The capital of the Dodecanese is the city of Rhodes .
The most eastern island of the Dodecanese is the tiny island of Kastellorizo, located 170 km from Rhodes , but just 3 miles off the Turkish coast, halfway Cyprus.
The islands are the northernmost Patmos and small satellites and Arki Agathonissi. To the west are Karpathos and Kassos, which is a bridgehead to Crete and the Cyclades near Astipaliá.
The islanders had to wait more than a century after the independence of Greece (1821) to become Greek citizens.