The town of Ses Salines in Majorca
|Etymology and toponymy
|Ses Salines is named after the salt present on the coast of the region since ancient times (fourth century BC): the salt marshes of S’Avall near Colónia de Sant Jordi, and salt marshes of Salobrar today on the territory of the neighboring town of Campos.
During the Moorish occupation, salt marshes were also exploited; Moorish settlement on the site of Ses Salines was named Jussana; Jussana was part of the "juz" of Manaqur (Manacor), which included Manacor, Porreres, Felanitx and portions of the existing towns of Campos and Santanyí.
In the Middle Ages, after the reconquest of the island was sometimes called Ses Salines : Salines de Santanyi.
Ses Salines is called Las Salinas in Castilian Spanish.
The crest of Ses Salines bears the representation of a salt marsh.
|The municipality of Ses Salines is the southernmost town of the island of Majorca, the southernmost point of the island is Cap de Ses Salines, located ten kilometers south of the town of Ses Salines, but part of the municipality of Santanyí.
The municipality of Ses Salines borders the towns of Campos, in the west, and Santanyí, East.
The town of Ses Salines is located 7 km from the coast, 8 km from Santanyí, 11 km from Campos, 52 km from Palma de Mallorca (about an hour by car).
|The town of Ses Salines is harmoniously developed around its historic center, built in stone pink sandstone of Santanyí (marès), and the parish church of St. Bartholomew (Església de Sant Bartomeu / Iglesia de San Bartolomé).
The original parish church was built from 1664, the present St. Bartholomew’s Church was built in the late nineteenth century and completed in 1912.
The suburbs are modern, with wide streets intersecting at right angles.
|The Botanical Garden Botanicactus
|Botanicactus is one of the largest botanical gardens in Europe, covering 15 acres of land and has 15,000 plants of more than 1600 different plant species. The garden was located near Ses Salines due to low rainfall in the region, making it the driest area of Mallorca. Botanicactus was opened in 1989.
Botanicactus aims to present cactus (over 12,000 cacti), which are exogenous to the Balearic plants, but the garden also has some species of native flora of the Balearic Islands, and tropical plants - particularly palms and bamboo - which are arranged around an artificial pond of a hectare of land.
Botanicactus is the output of Ses Salines on the road Ma-6100 leading to Santanyí, Carretera Ses Salines-Santanyi, Km 1.
Summer hours (May-August): daily, from 9:00 to 19:30.
Winter hours (September to April): daily, from 9:00 to 18:00.
Entry Fee: € 8.
Phone: 00 34 971 649 494
Site on the Web: www.botanicactus.com
|Cape of Ses Salines (Cap de Ses Salines / Cabo de Las Salinas)
|The Cap de Ses Salines is the most southerly point of Mallorca. To get there by road, take the road of Ses Salines in Santanyí (Ma-6100) and turn right, 3 km after Ses Salines on the road Ma-6110 (panel "Far Cap de Ses Salines") that leads directly to the Cape of Ses Salines. Coming from Santanyí, take the road Ma-6100 to Ses Salines, pass the village of Es Llombards and turn left on the road Ma-6110. The road Ma-6110 crosses over 9 km, a landscape - a bit monotonous - fields, dry stone walls and scrub, then stumbles on the closing lighthouse Ses Salines.
The imposing lighthouse of the Cap de Ses Salines (Far de Cap de Ses Salines / Faro de Cabo de Las Salinas) in 1863 and in 1982 he was the first lighthouse in Spain to be powered by solar panels.
|The promontory of the Cape of Ses Salines does not offer spectacular views, unlike the Formentor headland at the far north of the island, and when the weather is clear, we distinguish the archipelago of Cabrera, if the air is wet, the archipelago is only vaguely visible in the mist. However, the course of Ses Salines may be the starting point for interesting excursions naturalists:
- left, to the east, rugged coastal path provides access to some coves dug into coastal cliffs, as the Cala des Marmols, Cala Figuereta or Cala S’Almonia and cave Cova de Sa Plana.
- right, towards the west, a trail goes towards Colónia de Sant Jordi, 30 minutes walk brings you to the first wild beach route, Platja d’es Caragol, one of the most beautiful sandy beaches end of Majorca, which is sheltered by the promontory of Punta Negra. This is followed by Cala Entugores and after an hour of walking, we reached the beach of Es Carbó. Another half-hour walk and you get to Colónia de Sant Jordi. The hike is not very difficult, among the rose Santanyí limestone, but there is no refueling along the way.
|All that coast and coastal waters from Cap Blanc to Cala Figuera, are protected by the Marine Reserve of the Mid-day (Reserva Marina del Migjorn). Along the trails, among the bushes or even on the beaches, we find wild asparagus (Asparagus albus), the sea lily (Pancratium maritimum), sea purslane (Halimione portulacoides) whose fragrant white flowers appear in July and August. Along the beaches of the Mediterranean seagrass (Posidonia oceanica) Dried invade the sand.
The area is also a good place to see interesting birds: the stone curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus), the Thekla lark (Galerida theklae), the Linnet (Linaria cannabina), the short-toed lark (Calandrella coelebs), the woodchat shrike (Lanius senator), Sardinian Warbler (Sylvia sarda), the hoopoe (Upupa epops), warbler rocks (Basileuterus lachrymosus) and abundant red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa). Its southern location also means that the course is well placed to receive migratory birds such as bee-eaters (Merops apiaster) and Montagu’s harrier (Circus pygargus). This coast is also one of the best places to observe the great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo), Audouin’s Gull (Ichthyaetus audouinii), Cory’s shearwater (Calonectris diomedea) and the Balearic shearwater (Puffinus mauretanicus).
|The Caragol Beach (Platja d’es Caragol / Playa del Caragol)
|The beach Caragol ("beach of the snail") is 2 km west of Cap de Ses Salines, it is a sandy beach, 500 m long and 60 m wide, with crystal clear waters. Only two concrete bunkers dating from the Spanish civil war, disfigure the beach.
Until 1980 it was a private beach that was part of the domain of S’Avall a finca owned by the family of bankers March. The "Coastal Act" of 1980 opened the beach of Es Caragol to the public and can be very busy in summer, including boaters who drop anchor in front of the beach.
|The Village of talayotic Antigors (Poblat talaiotic dels Antigors)
|At the exit of Ses Salines, left the road Ma-6040 up to Colónia de Sant Jordi, a small road leads to the ruins of a talayotic village from the Bronze Age (ninth century BC), the village of Els Antigors. Its talaiot, named Talaia Joana, is a circular tower measuring over five meters high and 14 meters in diameter.
|Some Hiking in the area of Ses Salines
|Hiking R1 (brown on the map): Cap de ses Salines - Cala Llombards
This linear path extends 12.5 km and can be approached both from Cala Llombards since the Cap de Ses Salines.
The route crosses a beautiful completely blank area, which is now protected at European level because of the variety of its flora and fauna. In addition, its waters are part of a marine reserve where the ancient craft of fishing, such as fishing shearling Pearl (Xyrichtys novacula) is always appreciated and where diving provides strong emotions and unforgettable experiences.
The coast is dotted with numerous coves "calas" and small coves "calons" (Caló des Moro, Cala S’Almonia, Cala Figuereta, Cala Marmols, of Olla des Bastons, Racó ca na Bàrbara…), headlands and small cliffs (Punta de Can Barragot, Punta de sa Cresta), caves and other geological and geographical features that always surprise the visitor.
Hiking R2 (in pink on the map): Colónia de Sant Jordi - Cap de ses Salines
This linear route has a length of 9.3 km (18.6 km round trip). This walk along the coast, well known and frequented by locals, is one of the most beautiful and varied that we can do on the island of Majorca.
As soon as we left Colónia de Sant Jordi, sandy beaches of great value as we meet Es Dolç and Es Carbó. Then we reach beautiful beaches such as Cala En Tugores or Platja d’Es Caragol. The walk offers views of many small coastal islands, some of which retain significant archaeological discoveries (Na Guardis, Na Moltona et cetera). The coastal scrub houses Sardinian warblers and thick-knees screaming.
Hiking R3 (purple on the map): Colónia de Sant Jordi - Cala Llombards
This route is designed for cycling. The minimum distance from Colónia de Sant Jordi and Cala Llombards is 16.2 km.
The walk through an agricultural area and livestock, it is basically an agriculture without irrigation, eg cereal crops, carob, almond and fig trees. One can discover windmills, defense towers, caves, talayots and prehistoric remains.
Hiking R4 (yellow on the map): Salinetes - coast of Colónia de Sant Jordi
This almost circular route starts Colónia de Sant Jordi, near the road along the salt marshes of S’Avall. From there, you can go towards Platja d’es Coto and once we reached the coast, continue until you reach the port area of Colónia de Sant Jordi. In all, 4.1 km one travels in a landscape of plains and coastline. At the beginning of the route you can see the salt marshes and salt mounds. In evaporation ponds can often be observed plovers, stilts and ruddy, and it is not uncommon to see some flamingos. On the coast, they are Audouin’s gulls, cormorants, terns and even puffins.
Hiking R5 (green on the map): Cap de ses Salines
The Cap de Ses Salines starts at 5.2 km of the road Ma-6100, which runs from Ses Salines to Santanyí. Because of its length, you can do this trip by car to the end of the road to the lighthouse.
The first part of the route passes through many farmland, fields of cereals, especially wheat, and also through the orchards. Approaching the lighthouse can be seen more wild olive trees and finally, we come to a small but dense pine forest. After the lighthouse, the coast is low and rocky with caves.
Especially in autumn, the fields are filled with small birds (African stonechats, northern wheatears, pipits, Bluethroats (Luscinia svecica), flycatchers, shrikes and so on) as well as partridges and thick-knees screaming. The sky is sometimes frequented by booted eagles, hawks and other birds of prey, sea, can often be seen (at certain times of the year, quite frequently) of the Balearic shearwater, the shearwaters, Audouin’s gulls and cormorants, to name only the most common birds.
Hiking R6 (blue on the map): Es Trenc - Salobrar - Sa Barrala
Almost circular 13.5 km that can start in different places Route: the village of Covetes, paid parking near the beach of Es Trenc and the seaside resort of Colónia de Sant Jordi.
The beach of Es Trenc is the most unspoiled beach on the island of Mallorca. She has extensive dunes, well preserved seagrass and water blue-green color. Behind the sand dunes and pine forests stand behind these pine forests, salt marshes of Es Salobrar de Campos, offering a fabulous visual and soundscape, due to the large amount of birds that gather there. Once past Es Salobrar a new landscape appears that the walker between farmland Sa Barrala, where wheat and pastures dominate.
|Ses Salines market is held on Thursday morning.
|Bus Lines Serving Ses Salines
|Line L502: from Palma to Santanyí
Santanyí, Es Llombards, Ses Salines, Colónia de Sant Jordi, Campos, Llucmajor, Polígon Son Noguera, S’Arenal Aqualand, S’Arenal, Palma
Information on line 502: www.tib.org
Line L503: Cala Figuera in Palma
Cala Figuera, Cala Santanyi, Santanyí, Es Llombards, Ses Salines, Colónia de Sant Jordi, Sant Joan Banys, Campos, Llucmajor, Polígon Son Noguera, S’Arenal Aqualand, S’Arenal, Palma
Information on line 503: www.tib.org
|Hotel Ca’n Bonico
|Ca’n Bonico hotel is a boutique hotel housed in a mansion dating from the thirteenth century, the oldest civil building in the region.
The hotel has 28 rooms, a good restaurant with a terrace, a swimming pool and installed in the old tower of the mansion library.
Address: Carrer Sant Bartomeu 8, in the heart of Ses Salines
Phone: 00 34 971 649 022
Site on the Web: www.hotelcanbonico.com