The botanical garden of Biokovo in Croatia
|The Botanical garden of Biokovo with Kotišina (Biokovski botanički vrt Kotišina) formed integral part of the Natural park of Biokovo; the garden aims to familiarize the visitors with hundreds of plant species autochtones, including twenty-five species of endemic plants of Biokovo.|
|The botanical garden of Biokovo is located above village of Kotišina, to 3 km of Makarska, on the left of the road of Makarska with Vrgorac.|
The garden extends on the steep slopes located between 350 and 500 m from altitude, at the bottom of cliff created by the fault of collapse of the solid mass of Biokovo.µ
|The Botanical garden of Biokovo presents most of the indigenous plants of Biokovo, more than 300 spontaneous plants, of which several tens are endemic species, energy of typically Mediterranean plants to plants of the alpine flora which characterize the tops.|
In the natural environment of this garden of relatively small size (16.5 hectares), one indeed meets varied habitats representative of those of the Natural park of Biokovo, namely: rubbles, falls, ravines, abrupt cliffs, arable lands, as well as an interesting canyon, Proslap, with a cascade of the same name; this canyon is dry during most of the year, except during the strong rains.
Part of the garden is reserved for plants of a wider surface, with exotic plants like with medicinal herbs and agricultural plants.
The visitors can explore the Botanical garden by traversing several paths. The garden is most luxuriant in spring and at the beginning of summer, although during all the year, one can see there tens of plants in full flowering.
The garden understands moreover vestiges of the architectural heritage: an old castle in ruin and a vault.
|Read white, lily of the Madonna (Madonin ili bijeli ljiljan) (Lilium candidum)||Thorny euphorbium (Djedova sold off) (Euphorbia spinosa)||Pear tree almond tree, pear tree with sheets of almond tree (Divlja kruška) (Pyrus amygdaliformis)|
|Juniper oxycèdre, juniper cade (Primorska šmrika) (Juniperus oxycedrus)||Lavender with narrow sheets, lavender (Lavanda ili despik) (Lavandula angustifolia)||Officinal rosemary, rosemary (Ružmarin) (Rosmarinus officinalis)|
|Yellow jasmine, woody jasmine (Žuti jasmine) (Jasminum fruticans)||Sisal plant of America (Šarenolisna agava) (Sisal plant americana formed variegata)||Thorny eyelet (Primorski mekinjak) (Drypis spinosa ssp. jacquiniana)|
|Pink bay-tree (Oleander) (Nerium oleander)||(Divlji koromač) (Portenschlagiella ramosissima)||Inula with sheets of molene (Bjelušina) (Inula verbascifolia)|
|White Osyris (Bijela metla) (Osyris alba)||Climbing ivy (Bršljan) (Hedera helix)||Bituminous Psoralée, bituminous clover? (Diteljnjlak) (Bituminaria bituminosa)|
|Officinal Cétérach (Zlatinjak) (Asplenium ceterach)||Moltkia of the rocks (Modro lasinje) (Moltkia petrae)|
|Common cane-apple bush, tree with the strawberries (Planika) (Arbutus unedo)||Holm oak (Ostrvce hrast) (Quercus ilex)||Yellow Germandrée (Žuti dubačac) (Teucrium flavum)|
|Shrub to be identified||Clematis flame, odorous clematis (Škrobutina) (Clematis flammula)|
|Baguenaudier, tree with bladders (Pucalina) (Colutea arborescens)||Charm hops, wood-of-iron (Crni grab) (Ostrya carpinifolia)|
|Wood of holy Lucie, cherry tree of holy Lucie, amarel (Rašeljka) (Prunus mahaleb)||Pettery (Tilovina) (Petteria ramentacea)||Bitter yellow arsenic (Sedum acre)|
|Spartier with stems of snap ring, broom of Spain (Brnistra ili žuka) (Spartium junceum)|
|The Castle (Kaštel)|
|At the entrance of botanical garden, all against cliff, are the well preserved walls of a castle of the 17th century, and, a little further, the ruins of old dwellings.|
|The Chapel Saint-Anthony (Crkva svetog Ante)|
|In the botanical garden of Kotišina, one can also see the Saint-Anthony vault, which was built of 1901 to 1903 on the site of an old chapel going back to 1672.|
|The Botanical garden of Biokovo was created in 1984, by decision of the municipality of Makarska, on a proposal of Franciscan Brother FRA Jure Radić (1920-1990), doctor of science, who is the true founder of the garden.|
The idea of Dr. Radić was the creation of a “Biokovo in miniature”, with the objective to allow popularization, the observation, the protection and the safeguarding of the vegetable life of the solid mass of Biokovo.
At the entrance of botanical garden engraved on the rock these words of the Brother are Jure Radić, inspired by saint Thomas d’ Aquin:
“Oculis, mente, corde, per visibilia ad invisibilia”
“By the eyes, the spirit and the heart, from visible to invisible”
|Since Makarska, one can go to the Botanical garden:|
- on foot, while assembling the street Makra Could which starts just above the place of the market of the city (Kačić Place); one crosses road of the Adriatic by viaduct, after which, arrived at the entrance of a hamlet, one takes a way on the line which joined, after 500 m, the asphalt road of Kotišina; to take the road on the left which goes up in the direction of the village. The walk - which offers beautiful sights on Makarska and its bay - lasts approximately 45 minutes.
- in the motor vehicle, by taking road 512 of Makarska from Vrgorac; to take on the left the asphalt road in the direction of the village of Kotišina.
|The visitors are accommodated at the House “Kovačević Sailor”, where they can obtain documentation on the Botanical garden.|
Schedules of the Reception Office: Monday to Saturday, 7:00 at 14:00; Sunday, of 8:00 to 13:00 the Garden is permanently open.
Tariff of entry: admission free.
|Neither restaurant, nor “refreshment bar” in this unspoiled site: only one fountain where, sometimes, some leech is mislaid… To envisage the supply consequently.|