Aït Ben Haddou is presented in the form of a set of ground buildings surrounded by walls, the ksar which is a kind of traditional habitat présaharien. The houses gather inside its defensive walls reinforced by turns of angle. Aït Ben Haddou is an striking example of the architecture of the traditional Moroccan south.
All around this douar a set of villages gathers. All were attracted by a river which crosses a valley. The inhabitants of these douars are for most Berber wandering in the past who then chose sedentariness for various reasons.