|Bellver was to be the summer residence of the kings of Majorca, in the short history of this island kingdom (1276-1349), but it seems that only the king Sanç in 1314 and Joan I of Aragon in 1395, remained there some time.|
The castle then fell to James III (Jaume III) Mallorca. During the campaign of conquest of Mallorca by Peter IV of Aragon, the Ceremonious (Pedro IV el Ceremonioso), the fortress successfully resisted a siege. But after the defeat and death of James III during the Battle of Llucmajor in 1343, the castle was a prison for the widow of James III and his children.
Under the reign of John I (Joan I), son of Peter IV Ceremonial and King of Aragon from 1387 to 1396, the fortress withstood another assault in the first popular revolt in 1391 Germanías. The Bellver Castle served as a defensive position against the Turks.
Yolande of Aragon (Violant d'Aragó) resided for some time in Bellver, his taste for the performing arts led him to convert the castle scene for parties, dances and poetry sessions.
The castle fell only once in its history at the hands of the enemy: it was in 1521, after an attack during the Second Revolt of the Germanías.
During the seventeenth century, the castle was - rarely - used as a residence by the viceroys.
In the eighteenth century, the fortress was used as a political prison during the War of Spanish Succession (1701-1714), first to imprison supporters of Philip of Anjou, and after the victory of the Bourbons, to imprison supporters Habsburg.
In 1717, it became a military prison, with its own garrison, and retained this role throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, until the mid-twentieth century. During a period in the nineteenth century, a factory of coins was installed.
In the early nineteenth century, from 1802 to 1808, the writer and former Minister Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos was imprisoned because his rapid political rise was displeased Manuel Godoy. Jovellanos was the first to make a description of the castle and control drawings of it.
During the Spanish War of Independence against the Napoleonic Empire, Bellver was used to hold French officers taken prisoner at the Battle of Bailén. François Arago was detained there.
A few years later, July 5, 1817, General Luis Lacy, will be shot in the fortress.
The Bellver Castle retained its role as a prison until 1915. In 1931, he was transferred to the Mayor of Palma, but again became a prison during the Spanish Civil War and later.
Castle returned to the city of Palma, and now houses the Historical Museum of the City and is used for numerous cultural and leisure activities.