|The flora of the Balearic Islands consists of about 1500 species, of which about 150 are endemic (the subspecific level). Their habitats are concentrated in the coastal rocks and cliffs, in the scrub and woodland, endemic species are rare.|
Among the endemic plants are: the sabline with large flowers (Arenaria grandiflora ssp. glabrescens), the globular of Cambessedes (Globularia cambessedesii Willk.), St. John’s wort Islands (Hypericum balearicum), foxglove (Digitalis minor), the eyelet cliffs (Dianthus rupicola subsp. bocchoriana), a broom (Genista dorycnifolia), a crocus (Crocus cambessedesii), a trefoil (Lotus tetraphyllus), the cleft crane Corsica (Erodium reichardii) peony Mallorca (Paeonia cambessedesii Willk.).
From March to June 1825, the French botanist Jacques Cambessedes (1799-1863) explored the Balearic Islands and drew up the first floristic inventory. Several plant species bear his name.
In the scrub, tall heather and a wealth of wild flowers (hyacinths, violets, gladioli, et cetera) dot the landscape of Mallorca.